Eureka! Scientific breakthroughs of the 20th century
Eureka! Scientific breakthroughs of the 20th century
CHRISTIE'S

Eureka! Scientific breakthroughs of the 20th century

16.07.202006:00 UTC +01:00
CHRISTIE'S
Address of auction
CHRISTIE'S
8 King Street, St. James's
SW1Y 6QT London
United Kingdom
Preview24.06.2020 - 16.07.2020
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      Edison works on his lightbulbEdison works on his lightbulbEdison works on his lightbulb
      Lot 1 Edison works on his lightbulb
      Price: £ 75 000 Sold
      Price:
       £ 75 000 Sold
      Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931). Autograph manuscript, seven pages of annotated design drawings for his lightbulb and related inventions, initialled (‘TAE’) and dated in pencil three times, n.p. [Florida], 11-12 March 1886. [And:] an Edison lightbulb, 1880-1881.6 leaves extracted from a ruled noteboo...
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      Tesla patents : an archive of inventive geniusTesla patents : an archive of inventive geniusTesla patents : an archive of inventive genius
      Lot 2 Tesla patents : an archive of inventive genius
      Price:  £ 120 000
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      Nikola Tesla (1856-1943). Collection of 50 original patents. Washington DC: Norris-Peters Co. for the USPTO, 1886-1914. In a modern black morocco-backed cloth clamshell box. Fifty separate patents, each of 3-7 pages with at least one drawing with schematics. The vast majority has an annotated note i...
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      An experiment in photographyAn experiment in photographyAn experiment in photography
      Lot 3 An experiment in photography
      Price: £ 6 250 Sold
      Price:
       £ 6 250 Sold
      Nikola Tesla (1856-1943). Typed letter signed ('N. Tesla') to William T. Schley, 46 East Houston Street, New York, 20 May 1896. In English. One page, 178 x 172mm, laid onto a mount with an engraved portrait. On repeating an experiment in photography. 'I was sorry to hear of the unsati...
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      Letters by Lenard, Stark, Kamerlingh Onnes and othersLetters by Lenard, Stark, Kamerlingh Onnes and othersLetters by Lenard, Stark, Kamerlingh Onnes and others
      Lot 4 Letters by Lenard, Stark, Kamerlingh Onnes and oth...
      Price: £ 16 250 Sold
      Price:
       £ 16 250 Sold
      [Wilhelm Wien (1864-1928)].Collection of letters addressed to Wien by scientific colleagues, including Philipp Lenard (autograph letter signed, 22 July 1927, referring to the Compton effect, also to Sommerfeld, Boltzmann, Planck and other colleagues), Johannes Stark (eight letters and one card, 1909...
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      ‘Anode rays are indeed very interesting’‘Anode rays are indeed very interesting’‘Anode rays are indeed very interesting’
      Lot 5 ‘Anode rays are indeed very interesting’
      Price: £ 13 750 Sold
      Price:
       £ 13 750 Sold
      Wilhelm Röntgen (1845-1923). Six autograph letters and nine autograph notes or cards signed (‘W.C. Röntgen’) to Wilhelm Wien, Munich, Weilheim and elsewhere, 22 May 1902 – 27 April 1915.In German. 27 pages, various sizes (punch holes to letters). One envelope. Provenance: by descent from Wilhelm Wie...
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      Space travel is possible: the theoretical proofSpace travel is possible: the theoretical proofSpace travel is possible: the theoretical proof
      Lot 6 Space travel is possible: the theoretical proof
      Price: £ 5 000 Sold
      Price:
       £ 5 000 Sold
      Robert Esnault-Pelterie (1881-1957)Considérations sur les Résultats d’un Allègement indéfini des Moteurs. [Offprint from: Journal de Physique théorique et appliqué, Cinquième Série, Tome III]. Tours: Deslin Frères, 1913. Octavo (240 x 165mm). Original printed wrappers (extremities a little frayed). ...
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      A planet beyond NeptuneA planet beyond NeptuneA planet beyond Neptune
      Lot 7 A planet beyond Neptune
      Price: £ 4 375 Sold
      Price:
       £ 4 375 Sold
      Percival Lowell (1855-1916)Memoir on a trans-Neptunian planet. [Offprint from Memoirs of the Lowell Observatory, v. 1, n. 1]. Lynn, Mass.: T. P. Nichols & Son, 1915. Quarto (310 x 240mm); with 9 plates (two double-page). Original printed wrappers (some offsetting). Provenance: Percival Lowell (i...
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      The universe is expandingThe universe is expandingThe universe is expanding
      Lot 8 The universe is expanding
      Price: £ 10 625 Sold
      Price:
       £ 10 625 Sold
      Vesto Melvin Slipher (1875-1969)Nebulae. [Offprint from Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, v. lvi, n.5]. 1917. Octavo (244 x 160mm), unblemished. Original printed wrappers. Provenance: Edwin Powell Hubble (astronomer, 1889-1953, his ownership inscription at foot of last page).First e...
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      Debating with Einstein about causalityDebating with Einstein about causalityDebating with Einstein about causality
      Lot 9 Debating with Einstein about causality
      Price:  £ 800
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      Moritz Schlick (1882-1936). Typed letter signed ('M. Schlick') to 'hochverehrter Herr Professor' [Albert Einstein], Rostock, 9 June 1920. In German. Two pages, 277 x 211mm. Provenance: formerly in the Manny Moser Collection, PA (according to the Einstein Collected Papers) and at ...
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      Thanking another Einstein for a pipeThanking another Einstein for a pipeThanking another Einstein for a pipe
      Lot 10 Thanking another Einstein for a pipe
      Price: £ 13 750 Sold
      Price:
       £ 13 750 Sold
      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Autograph letter signed ('A. Einstein') to 'Herr Einstein', Commodore Hotel, New York, n.d. In German. 5 lines on one page, 216 x 139mm, on printed letter-head of The Commodore (old tape damage to centre, the letter heat-sealed in hard plastic). Prove...
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      'A new atomic theory''A new atomic theory''A new atomic theory'
      Lot 11 'A new atomic theory'
      Price: £ 22 500 Sold
      Price:
       £ 22 500 Sold
      Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961).Autograph letter signed ('E. Schrödinger') to [Wilhelm Wien], Villa Herwig, Arosa, Switzerland, 27 December 1925.In German. Six pages, 269 x 215mm. Provenance: by descent from Wilhelm Wien. Schrödinger grasping at 'a new atomic theory'. ‘Just now a n...
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      Criticising Mussolini and discussing exponential decayCriticising Mussolini and discussing exponential decayCriticising Mussolini and discussing exponential decay
      Lot 12 Criticising Mussolini and discussing exponential d...
      Price: £ 3 250 Sold
      Price:
       £ 3 250 Sold
      Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961). Typed letter signed (‘E. Schrödinger’) to [Wilhelm Wien: ‘Hochverehrter Herr Geheimrat!’], Zurich, 3 September 1927. In German. Two pages, 280 x 220mm, address stamp, autograph emendations (small splits at folds). Provenance: by descent from the recipient. Swapping Zur...
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      On the Davisson-Germer experimentOn the Davisson-Germer experimentOn the Davisson-Germer experiment
      Lot 13 On the Davisson-Germer experiment
      Price: £ 5 000 Sold
      Price:
       £ 5 000 Sold
      Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961). Typed letter signed (‘E. Schrödinger’) to [Wilhelm Wien: ‘Hochverehrter Herr Geheimrat!’], Berlin, 25 November 1927. In German. 2 pages, 280 x 220mm, ink corrections (tear to upper right margin of first page repaired with tape). Provenance: by descent from the recipien...
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      Einstein by his favourite photographerEinstein by his favourite photographerEinstein by his favourite photographer
      Lot 14 Einstein by his favourite photographer
      Price:  £ 20 000
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      Albert Einstein (18791-1955). Portrait photograph by Lotte Jacobi signed ('Albert Einstein') and inscribed in German to the 'Einstein-Klub', n.p. [Berlin], 1928. Also signed by the photographer below the image 'repr. Jacobi', and stamped on the verso of the mount '...
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      The complementarity principleThe complementarity principleThe complementarity principle
      Lot 15 The complementarity principle
      Price: £ 8 125 Sold
      Price:
       £ 8 125 Sold
      Niels Bohr (1885-1962)The Quantum Postulate and the Recent Development of Atomic Theory. [Offprint from Nature, v. 121, n. 3050. Edinburgh: R & R Clark, April 14, 1928]. Quarto (266 x 192mm). Fresh and unblemished in the original printed brown wrappers (very light wear, short closed tear to uppe...
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      On the 'extreme cult of personality' focused upon himselfOn the 'extreme cult of personality' focused upon himselfOn the 'extreme cult of personality' focused upon himself
      Lot 16 On the 'extreme cult of personality' focused upon ...
      Price:  £ 12 000
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      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Autograph letter signed ('A. Einstein') to [Herman] Bernstein, 5 Haberlandstrasse, Berlin, 6 May 1929. In German. One page, 189 x 148mm, bifolium, on personal stationery. On the 'extreme cult of personality' focused upon himself. Einstein thanks Berns...
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      On psychoanalysis and his 'important work'On psychoanalysis and his 'important work'On psychoanalysis and his 'important work'
      Lot 17 On psychoanalysis and his 'important work'
      Price:  £ 6 000
      Price:
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      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Autograph letter signed ('Papa') to his younger son Eduard ('Tetel'), Caputh (near Berlin), 8 October 1932.In German. Two pages, 290 x 190mm. Provenance: Christie's, 7 June 2000, lot 32 (part). On his son's breakdown, psychoanalysis and his ...
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      Quantum theory to ‘take over all the important parts’ of classical physicsQuantum theory to ‘take over all the important parts’ of classical physicsQuantum theory to ‘take over all the important parts’ of classical physics
      Lot 18 Quantum theory to ‘take over all the important par...
      Price: £ 8 125 Sold
      Price:
       £ 8 125 Sold
      Paul Dirac (1902-1984).The Lagrangian in Quantum Mechanics. [Offprint from Physikalische Zeitschrift der Sowjetunion, v.3, pp.64-72]. Charkow: Technischer Staatsverlag, 1933. Octavo (229 x 152mm); original printed wrappers (very minor spotting, light crease where once folded).Very scarce offprint of...
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      'A general theory of relativity of nuclear processes''A general theory of relativity of nuclear processes''A general theory of relativity of nuclear processes'
      Lot 19 'A general theory of relativity of nuclear process...
      Price: £ 16 250 Sold
      Price:
       £ 16 250 Sold
      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Autograph letter signed ('Papa') to his elder son, Hans Albert, Old Lyme, Connecticut, 16 June 1935. In German. One page, 278 x 213mm. Provenance: Christie's, 2 December 2004, lot 95. Constructing 'a general theory of relativity of nuclear processes&#...
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      ‘His American Holiness …‘‘His American Holiness …‘‘His American Holiness …‘
      Lot 20 ‘His American Holiness …‘
      Price: £ 2 125 Sold
      Price:
       £ 2 125 Sold
      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Typed letter signed (‘A. Einstein’) to Hugo Bergmann, 112 Mercer Street, Princeton, 19 June 1936.In German. Half page, 277 x 215mm (paper clip stain to upper left). Provenance: by descent from Hugo Bergmann. ‘His American Holiness …’. Einstein writes a letter of introduc...
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      On spiral nebulae and spherical star clustersOn spiral nebulae and spherical star clustersOn spiral nebulae and spherical star clusters
      Lot 21 On spiral nebulae and spherical star clusters
      Price:  £ 3 000
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      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Typed letter signed ('A. Einstein') to Erik Larsen, Nassau Point, Peconic, Long Island, 8 August 1938.In German. 1¼ pages, 278 x 2176mm. With two retained typed copies (one signed, one partially manuscript) of letters by Larsen. Provenance: collection of Carl-G...
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      A Second World War Enigma MachineA Second World War Enigma MachineA Second World War Enigma Machine
      Lot 22 A Second World War Enigma Machine
      Price: £ 347 250 Sold
      Price:
       £ 347 250 Sold
      A FOUR-ROTOR ENIGMA CIPHER MACHINEOlympia Büromaschinenwerke AG in Erfurt, for Heimsoeth & Rinke, 1944Serial number M17176 to paper label applied to inside of lid and punched to metak casing underneath rotors, with electrical wiring, three aluminum rotors, bakeltite gamma rotor and B reflector ,...
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      'The unknown always appears in a rosier light''The unknown always appears in a rosier light''The unknown always appears in a rosier light'
      Lot 23 'The unknown always appears in a rosier light'
      Price:  £ 2 600
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      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Typed letter signed ('A. Einstein') to Lionel M. Ettlinger, 112 Mercer Street, Princeton, 15 February 1945. In German. One page, 280 x 216mm, blind-stamped address. 'The unknown always appears in a rosier light': on anti-semitism and the low status of...
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      'Feeling our way': a densely scientific letter, including an equation'Feeling our way': a densely scientific letter, including an equation'Feeling our way': a densely scientific letter, including an equation
      Lot 24 'Feeling our way': a densely scientific letter, in...
      Price: £ 15 000 Sold
      Price:
       £ 15 000 Sold
      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Autograph letter signed ('A.E.') to 'Herr Strauss' [sic: i.e. Ernst Gabor Straus], n.p., 'Sonntag', n.d. [summer 1945].In German. One page, 280 x 216mm. 'Feeling our way': a densely scientific letter to his assistant discussing the...
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      On the speed of light in the theory of relativityOn the speed of light in the theory of relativityOn the speed of light in the theory of relativity
      Lot 25 On the speed of light in the theory of relativity
      Price:  £ 15 000
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      Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Typed letter signed ('A. Einstein') to George Aristotle Solounias, 112 Mercer Street, Princeton, 18 September 1952. In English. Half page, 280 x 215mm, the words '(De Sitter)' added by Einstein in autograph, on paper with blind-stamped address. Envelo...
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      'Genetical implications' of their DNA discovery: a unique galley proof'Genetical implications' of their DNA discovery: a unique galley proof'Genetical implications' of their DNA discovery: a unique galley proof
      Lot 26 'Genetical implications' of their DNA discovery: a...
      Price:  £ 70 000
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      Francis H.C. Crick (1916-2004) and James D. Watson (b.1928).Galley proof signed ('Francis Crick' and 'James D. Watson'), 'Genetical implications of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid'. Nature 171 (1953): 964-967. Two galley pages, 570 x 153mm each (first page repa...
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      The first published account of the molecular structure of DNAThe first published account of the molecular structure of DNAThe first published account of the molecular structure of DNA
      Lot 27 The first published account of the molecular struc...
      Price:  £ 8 000
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      James Dewey Watson (b. 1928), Francis H.C. Crick (1916-2004), Maurice Wilkins (1916-2004), Alexander Stokes (1919-2003), Herbert R. Wilson, Rosalind E. Franklin (1920-1958) and Raymond G. Gosling (b. 1926).'Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids; A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid'; &#...
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      Superfluidity: one of the defining moments in modern physicsSuperfluidity: one of the defining moments in modern physicsSuperfluidity: one of the defining moments in modern physics
      Lot 28 Superfluidity: one of the defining moments in mode...
      Price: £ 2 500 Sold
      Price:
       £ 2 500 Sold
      Richard Phillips Feynman (1918-1988).Atomic theory of liquid helium near absolute zero. [Offprint from Physical Review, v. 91, n. 6. Lancaster, PA and New York, NY: American Institute of Physics, 1953]. Quarto (266 x 200mm). Original wrappers, stapled as issued (punch holes in inner margin filled, n...
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      On the interaction of sub-atomic particlesOn the interaction of sub-atomic particlesOn the interaction of sub-atomic particles
      Lot 29 On the interaction of sub-atomic particles
      Price:  £ 20 000
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      Richard P. Feynman (1918-1988). Autograph manuscript draft for a talk, ‘New Particles Etc’, given at Vancouver, 22 November 1975.3½ pages, x mm, on lined paper, pages numbered 1-4 in autograph, incorporating equations and a Feynman diagram (creased where folded). Provenance: from the family of Richa...
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      Surely you're joking!Surely you're joking!Surely you're joking!
      Lot 30 Surely you're joking!
      Price:  £ 10 000
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      Richard Phillips Feynman (1918-1988)."Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!" Adventures of a Curious Character. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1985. First edition signed by Feynman of his best-selling reminiscences. Surely You're Joking, which emerged from taped conversations ...
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