POWERFUL TIGER HU, A COUNTER TO THE TIGER IN THE FOGG ART MUSEUM AND THE FREER GALLERY OF ART

Starting price:€ 9 000
Auction date:28.04.2017   15:00
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Lot 64POWERFUL TIGER HU, A COUNTER TO THE TIGER IN THE FOGG ART MUSEUM AND THE FREER GALLERY OF ART
POWERFUL TIGER HU, A COUNTER TO THE TIGER IN THE FOGG ART MUSEUM AND THE FREER GALLERY OF ART
Jade
China
Sp. Eastern Zhou to West. Han, 3. to 2. Century. Before
LENGTH 13 CM, THICKNESS 2 - 2,5 MM
玉虎。東周代至西漢代,公元前3-2世紀。長13厘米,厚0.2-0.25 厘米。維也納私人舊藏。

There are even this Jade, it is - equal to the previous number 63 – famous Museum-like comparison pieces, see list below. The very memorable Silhouette is the same for all pieces approximately the same, the decors, however, different. The Tiger Hu's since ages in China as a symbol of male courage, daring, and is considered to be a distributor of demons. This flat Jade shows the animal quite brawny and muscular, from the ground tilted head up to power a fully formed tail with mounted correctly, the end. On both sides of the contours of the head, legs, claws, or tail - are highlighted by ingrained lines strengthened, and furthermore, are carried out economical decorative patterns, the forms are top-of-the C and S with volutes -. The tiger fur drawing, it is indicated with a few lines. The original color of the Jade is almost white. This Tiger was made out of the most precious white Jade Baiyu, due to ageing and, in places, reddish brown and white spots, which give the Tiger overall, an interesting and invigorating coloring. Very good translucency, the Polish is very well preserved, and the entire state as well.

In the publication “Radiant Stone” by Filippo Salviati in no. 108 a similar, but larger, and somewhat differently designed example, the author referred to it as a “mythical animal”. A more beefy Tiger in “Ancient Chinese Jades”, Fogg Art Museum, Massachusetts, number 438, which is also in the book of Salmony and the Umehara shown. A very similar piece in the American Freer Gallery of art.

This Jade is published in the book of FILIPPO SALVIATI: “THE MYSTERIOUS STONE: Chinese Jades from the Neolithic to the Han in private collections” (publication date spring 2017).

Notes by Prof. Salviati: This finely crafted plaque worked in openwork with incised decoration represents the late chronological development of the tiger-shaped jades which were carved in ancient China from the 5th century BC to the Western Han dynasty. The sturdy body of the crouching tiger is embellished with delicate, incised curls and the rear haunches are decorated with differently oriented heart-shaped scrolls, similar to those carved on one side of the scabbard chape. The big head has an incised eye with a long eyelash, wide snout and a pointed horn-like protuberance: the jaw is open and the teeth are neatly carved. The long tail ends in volutes and a curled appendage protrudes from the centre of the back. The jade has an agate-like quality: it is translucent white with a large reddish patch at the top and some altered opaque white areas along the border. There are several tiger-shaped carvings in collections which can be compared to the present one: especially noteworthy are the tigers with similar curls protruding from the back which have been selected here for comparison. Two search plaques, originally in the collection of the famous Chinese dealer C. T. Loo (1889-1957) and then in that of Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919) are in the Freer/Sackler Galleries, acc. nos. F1932.43 and F1932.44: http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_F1932.43 http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_F1932.44 A third one is in the Hotung collection is published in J. Rawson, Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, London 1995, no.17:13. Two more, including one of the finest known examples of this category of jades, are in the collection of Samuel and Myrna Myers: they have been recently published in F. Salviati, “Radiant Stones” section of the volume by J.-P. Desroches (ed.), Two Americans in Paris. A Quest for Asian Art, Paris 2016, nos.15 and 155. Finally, a similar tiger-shaped plaque with a curl on its back what is sold in a past auction at gallery Zacke, no.CH0116-340: http://www.zacke.at/en/collection/18001/antique-jades/item/17724/expressively-crafted-tiger.

Expertise: Wolfmar Zacken & Filippo Salviati
From a Viennese collection
Address of auction
Galerie Zacke
Mariahilferstrasse 112
1070 Wien
Austria
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Preview26.04.2017 - 28.04.2017
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