Starting price:€ 4 000
Auction date:28.04.2017   15:00
Neolithic culture of Liangzhu, approx. 3300 - 2200 before
HEIGHT 5.2 CM, DM. 7.9 CM, THICKNESS 5 - 10 MM
神面紋玉琮。中國,良渚文化,約公元前3300-2200 年。高 5.2 厘米, 直徑 7.9 厘米,厚0.5 - 1厘米。維也納私人舊藏。

This bangle looks, although the well-known Cong similar, but it's not. He has a cylindrical shape with three large rectangular relief fields outside, all in the same way, and in turn in three overlapping fields divided. In the bottom of the larger box is for the Liangzhu culture, famous face mask can be found, respectively, with the large, mysterious-magical-appearing eyes. You are here surrounded with the slanted oval, slightly more in-depth fields, smooth, smooth, the trapezoidal box between them and the width of the mouth. These faces show clearly a supernatural creature, which can also be referred to as “gods face” Shenmian. In the field in about the same number of large strip as the mouth, but the forehead significantly, and possibly the “Intellectual” symbolizing. The reinforce once again the two very broad stripes, which form the conclusion. The Mature outdoor straight, it is curved inside a remarkable way convex. Very the reddish brown hue of the Jade, due to a dense, small-scale white veins plant, as well as the stains due to ageing is revived. In the focused light of a clear yellow-green tone and the Reddish is likely to be the result of iron oxidation. What is interesting about the piece is that the decorative field has been worked very carefully, the shape of the Mature, however, clearly shows variations, as a result of the simplest of tools. The Polish was very well executed, also on the inside and is well preserved.

Similar bracelets in various publications, such as in “the Chinese Jade. Selected Articles ...” in the art magazine “Orientations”, Hong Kong, or in “Selected Chinese culture treasures” by Shi Shuqing, Hong Kong, no. 014.

This Jade is published in the book of FILIPPO SALVIATI: “THE MYSTERIOUS STONE: Chinese Jades from the Neolithic to the Han in private collections” (publication date spring 2017).

Notes by Prof. Salviati: This type of bracelet-shaped jade decorated on the outside with two types of masks carved within regular register, represents a variation of the most common cong shape that is so typical of the Liangzhu culture. A very close comparison to the present Lot is offered by a similar bracelet shaped of jade, excavated from tomb 3:43 at Sidun, Changzhou, Jiangsu province, decorated with the same double mask pattern: lake of Zhejiang institute of cultural relics and archaeology 浙江省文物考古研究所, Liangzhu wenhua yuqi 良渚文化玉器 (Jades of the Liangzhu Culture), Wenwu chubanshe, Beijing, 1990, fig.11. In the same volume, see also pls.10, 13 and 14 with bracelet-shaped jades from the tombs of the two important cemeteries works of Fanshan and Yaoshan is located in Yuhang county, Jiangsu. A fourth comparable jade has been discovered in tomb M2:34 of the Huiguanshan site, a few kilometres west of Liangzhu town in Zhejiang province, it is reproduced in the Zhejiang institute of cultural relics and archaeology 浙江省文物考古研究所, Zhejiang kaogu jinghua 浙江考古精华 (The Cream of Zhejiang Archaeology), Wenwu Publishing House, Beijing, 1990, p. 91. In Western collections, a comparable jade, from the Hotung collection, exhibited in the British Museum, is published in J. Rawson, Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, London 1995, no.3:1, while a similar bracelet-shaped jade from the collection of Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919) is in the Freer/Sackler Galleries, Washington, D. C., acc. no. F1917.384 and online image at: http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_F1917.384

Expertise: Wolfmar Zacken & Filippo Salviati
From a Viennese collection
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Preview26.04.2017 - 28.04.2017
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