ARCHAIC BI DISC WITH A PARTICULARLY ATTRACTIVE GRAIN

Starting price:€2 500
Auction date:28.04.2017   15:00
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Lot 41ARCHAIC BI DISC WITH A PARTICULARLY ATTRACTIVE GRAIN
ARCHAIC BI DISC WITH A PARTICULARLY ATTRACTIVE GRAIN
Jade
China
Liangzhu culture, CA. 3300-2200 before
DM. UP TO 16.2 CM, THICKNESS 7 - 10 MM
玉璧。中國,良渚文化,約公元前3300-2200 年。直徑 16.2 厘米, 厚 0.7 - 1厘米。維也納私人舊藏。

At this early 4000 to 5000 years old Bi on both sides, the very lively, strong grain of the image is particularly intriguing. This Bi has been sanded (almost) completely flat and has the edge of a straight exterior. The color changes from black to black green to a reddish brown tone. In between, there are a variety of age white areas and fine running Veins. In the oblique light it looks very beautiful even the old traces of the once manually executed Polish. Characteristic is also the inner Opening is, it offers the distinct traces of the Drilling operation with a groove, as well as a sharp ridge in the middle, since both sides have been sanded. Some of the softer areas in the Mineral scents on a page. The located against side - believed to be protected - is almost unaffected. On the outer edges as well as some with weathering.

Very similar examples can be found in various publications and collections, such as a slightly larger Bi in the British Musem, or a larger Bi (21.7 cm) the Museum of the Freer Galleryof art.

This Jade is published in the book of FILIPPO SALVIATI: “THE MYSTERIOUS STONE: Chinese Jades from the Neolithic to the Han in private collections” (publication date spring 2017).

Notes by Prof. Salviati: This is an example of the standard medium-sized bi discs of the Liangzhu culture that have an average diameter of 18-21 cm. Discs are carved in a similar variety of jade and displaying a similar alteration of the stone have been found in many Liangzhu sites distributed over the whole area of distribution of this late Neolithic culture: Yaoshan (Yuhang, Zhejiang province) , Fuquanshan (Shanghai) and Sidun (Jiangsu province). Some examples of excavated bi discs are illustrated in the Zhejiang institute of cultural relics and archaeology 浙江省文物考古研究所, Liangzhu wenhua yuqi 良渚文化玉器 (Jades of the Liangzhu Culture), Wenwu chubanshe, Beijing, 1990, pls.72-87. A number of the comparable discs in Western collections include three from the Freer/Sackler Galleries, Washington, D.C., two of which come from 19th-century Chinese collections before entering that of Charles Lang Free (1854-1919). Their accession numbers are F1919.23, F1919.27 and F1917.353, online images from the Freer database at: http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_F1919.23 http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_F1919.27 http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_F1917.353 see also the two further comparable Liangzhu culture discs from the collection of R. H. Ellsworth (1929-2014), auctioned at Christie's New York on 19 March 2015 (Sale 11420), Lots 469 and 487: http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-large-mottled-blackish-green-and-buff-opaque-5876526-details.aspx?from=salesummery&intObjectID=5876526&sid=99a72b8d-24b2-40a7-a133-4f2f8791a87e http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-large-opaque-mottled-dark-green-and-5876544-details.aspx?from=salesummery&intObjectID=5876544&sid=99a72b8d-24b2-40a7-a133-4f2f8791a87e

Expertise: Wolfmar Zacken & Filippo Salviati
From the collection of Vera Krassilnikoff
Address of auction
Galerie Zacke
Mariahilferstrasse 112
1070 Wien
Austria
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Preview26.04.2017 - 28.04.2017
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