Guild of Saint Luke
Ludolf Bakhuizen was a Dutch painter of the 17th and early 18th centuries. He is known as an outstanding master of seascapes. Bakhuizen also painted biblical themes and portraits of his contemporaries as well as engravings and miniature models of ships.
Ludolf Bakhuizen is considered one of the best marine painters of the Golden Age of Dutch painting. Among the admirers of his work were many influential European rulers, including the Russian Tsar Peter the Great. The master met Peter I, who visited Amsterdam in the mid-1690s and, according to contemporaries, even managed to give some painting lessons to the Russian tsar. In addition, Вakhuizen made models of all kinds of ship designs on commission from Peter the Great.
Toward the end of his life, the Amsterdam authorities honored Bakhuizen by opening his own gallery on the top floor of the City Hall for his achievements in the fine arts. The best masterpieces of his work are now preserved in museums in the Netherlands, Germany, England, France, and Italy.
Pieter Balten or Pieter Custodis was a Flemish Renaissance painter, etcher, draftsman, publisher, and poet. He was a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
Pieter Balten is considered one of the pioneers of realistic depictions of village life, often comic. He also painted religious compositions, landscapes and painted tronies - portraits with comic and even caricatured facial images.
Johannes Bosschaert was a Dutch painter of the Golden Age, a member of the Bosshaert family of floral artists. He was a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Haarlem and Dordrecht. His favorite subject is vases with lush bouquets of flowers.
Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel or Breughel) the Elder (Dutch: Pieter Bruegel de Oude) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so-called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.
Pieter Bruegel the Younger was a Flemish painter, known for numerous copies after his father Pieter Bruegel the Elder's work as well as his original compositions. The large output of his studio, which produced for the local and export market, contributed to the international spread of his father's imagery.
Traditionally Pieter Bruegel the Younger has been nicknamed "de helse Brueghel" or "Hell Bruegel" because it was believed he was the author of several paintings with fantastic depictions of fire and grotesque imagery.
Pieter Casteels III was a Flemish painter, engraver and designer, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
He was born into the family of the painter Pieter Casteels II or the Younger (1673-1701), who gave his son his first lessons in painting. In 1708 Peter went to London, where he became active in the London art community and a member of the Rose and Crown Club.
Casteells successfully painted numerous floral still lifes with exotic birds, which were favored by the nobility of the time, as well as idyllic scenes with domestic birds and animals. His works were also often used as decorations for fireplaces and doors. The great success of this genre led the artist to publish the Twelve Months of Flowers and Twelve Months of Fruit series - these prints served as models for workers in textiles and other luxury industries.
In 1735 Peter Casteells III retired from painting and turned his attention to textile design, working for the rest of his life for textile manufacturers in Surrey and then London.
Alexander Coosemans was a Flemish painter of the Baroque period.
Coosemans studied under the masters of still life painting and became a member of the Guild of St. Luke of Antwerp in 1645.
Coosemans painted lush, fruit- and flower-rich still lifes, vanitas-style still lifes that evoke the transience of life. His compositions are often thought to have hidden, allegorical meanings: lobsters, wine and lemons - each subject is filled with references to biblical themes and history.
In collaboration with other artists, Coosemans created so-called garland paintings - a portrait or religious subject surrounded by garlands of flowers and fruit. The artist also decorated the villas of the nobility of Genoa and Rome with his works.
Benjamin Gerritszoon Cuyp was a Dutch painter of the Golden Age, was a member of the Dordrecht Guild of St. Luke, brother of Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp. He was very prolific and known for allegorical works, genre, war and biblical scenes. He also painted landscapes. Kaipa's work was influenced by Rembrandt's style.
Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp was a Dutch painter-painter and illustrator of the Golden Age, the elder brother of Benjamin Gerritsz. Cuyp. He was a member of the Dordrecht and Utrecht Guilds of St. Luke's. The prolific painter produced a large number of portraits, including many portraits of children. He also painted historical, biblical and genre scenes, still lifes and landscapes.
Jacques Adolphsz. de Claeuw or Jacques (de) Grief was a Dutch painter-painter of the Golden Age, a member of the Dordrecht and the Hague Guild of St. Luke. He is known chiefly for his still-life paintings, particularly in the heat of vanitas. His son is the painter Adriaen de Grijef.
Philippe de Momper the Elder was a Flemish landscape painter and a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
Philippe was born into the famous family of landscape painters and engravers Momper of Bruges, who settled in Antwerp in the 16th century. His father was the famous landscape painter Joos de Momper (1564-1635). Together with Jan Brueghel the Younger, he traveled in Italy and created several views of Rome and its environs. As a pupil of his father, Philippe painted in a similar style, but contributed his own touches as well. Philippe de Mompera's paintings of winter landscapes, river valleys with deer and groups of walking people are also known.
Marten de Vos (or Maarten de Vos, or Maerten de Vos) was a Dutch painter, draughtsman and graphic artist, dean of the Antwerp Guild.
After studying in Rome and Venice, de Vos returned to his native Antwerp in 1558 and became one of the city's leading artists. He created altarpiece images for many of Antwerp's churches. Many of his religious and historical paintings were later engraved, making him known throughout Flanders.
De Vos was also the founder of the Society of Romanists, whose members were famous artists and humanists of the time who appreciated the humanistic culture of Rome.
Simon de Vos was a Flemish painter, graphic artist and art collector, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
Simon de Vos specialized early in his career in cabinet and genre painting in the style of the Utrecht Caravagistes. His depictions of merry company and scenes from fables are well known. From about 1640 he increasingly painted large-scale religious, allegorical and historical scenes in the style of Peter Paul Rubens and Antoni van Dyck. Among his pupils was Jan van Kessel the Elder (1626-1679).
Simon de Vos was financially successful: by the end of his life he owned four estates in Antwerp and a collection of 290 paintings.
Paul de Vos was a Flemish Baroque painter and a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
Paul de Vos was the younger brother of Cornelis de Vos and specialized in hunting scenes with dogs, depicting various animals and birds. His skill in this genre was valued and he collaborated with Rubens in depicting animals. De Vos's paintings were highly regarded both in Spain and at other European courts.
De Vos enjoyed the patronage of Spain's influential aristocrats and received many commissions from them. In 1637-1638 he worked with Rubens and Snyders on the decoration of Spanish royal residences.
Jacob de Wit was a Dutch painter, decorator and collector, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
De Wit studied at the Royal Academy in Antwerp, where he began to study the work of Peter Paul Rubens and became his follower. De Wit made copies of many of Rubens' works, notably his ceiling paintings in the Jesuit church in Antwerp.
Later, from the 1720s Jacob de Wit began working in Amsterdam, where he received regular commissions, both public and private. He created many ceiling and wall paintings in the Rococo style, in which he used grisaille - gray and white painting, creating the illusion of three-dimensionality, or bas-relief. Some of them can still be seen in their original places in the 21st century.
Jacob de Wit amassed a large art collection during his lifetime, including works by Rubens, Antoni van Dyck, as well as Dutch and Flemish contemporaries and old masters.
Emanuel de Witte was a Dutch perspective painter. In contrast to Pieter Jansz Saenredam, who emphasized architectural accuracy, De Witte was more concerned with the atmosphere of his interiors. Though few in number, de Witte also produced genre paintings.
Cornelis Gerritsz. Decker was a Dutch landscape painter of the Golden Age of Dutch painting, and a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke.
Decker painted mainly landscapes, often depicting architecture and adding animal and human figures. The artist also created interesting genre scenes from the workshops of ordinary people.
Balthasar van der Ast was a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes of flowers and fruit, as well as painting a number of remarkable shell still lifes; he is considered to be a pioneer in the genre of shell painting. His still lifes often contain insects and lizards.
Abraham Diepraam was a Dutch painter of the Golden Age and a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Dordrecht. He is known for his small genre works depicting interior tavern scenes with drinking or smoking peasants. He also painted portraits of ordinary people.
Joost Cornelisz. Droochsloot was a Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age, member of the Guild of St. Luke in Utrecht. He was a versatile painter, painting landscapes, moral allegories, and biblical stories. But he was mainly known for his genre rustic scenes with many participants, these paintings often had a moral component. In his compositions, Drochslot paid much attention to detail and signed them with the monogram "JCODS."
Louis Ferdinand Elle the Elder was a French portrait painter and printmaker.
Elle was a member of the Guild of St. Luke, but later became a founding member of the Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1648. He worked all his life in Paris, was a court painter and painted portraits for aristocrats and representatives of the highest nobility, kings and cardinals.
He was the father of the painter Louis Ferdinand Elle the Younger (1648-1717).
Franz Ertinger (German: Franz Ertinger) was a French painter born in Germany but working in France and Flanders, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
Ertinger is a versatile artist who has applied his talents in various fields of art. He is known as a painter, illustrator and printer of books, draughtsman, designer and writer, and worked as a royal engraver in Paris.
Martin Hermann Faber was a German painter, architect, and cartographer. He was also a copper engraver in Rome. He lived and worked most of his life in Emden, where he still remains one of the most respected and significant artistic personalities of the city.
Joseph Anton Fischer was a German painter of the mid-nineteenth century. He is known as a historical painter and a member of the "Union of St. Luke" (Nazarene).
Fischer was educated at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts and studied the works of the Old Masters in Italy. He created religious compositions in the spirit of Fra Beato Angelico. Fischer is also known as the author of the sketches for the murals for Cologne Cathedral, for which he was awarded the Prussian Gold Medal. His pen and ink drawings are preserved in various collections, mostly in Munich, where the master died. He made a significant contribution to the historical painting of his time.
Frans Hals was a Dutch painter who painted during the so-called Golden Age. He is considered to be one of the most important old Dutch masters. As far as is known, Frans Hals worked all his life in Haarlem and became best known for his lively and colourful paintings of his contemporaries.
Dirck Helmbreeker or Theodor Helmbreeker was a Dutch Golden Age painter and landscape painter, member of the Guild of St. Luke in Haarlem. He is known for his portraits, Italian landscapes, and genre scenes depicting the daily life of ordinary people (Bambocciade genre).
Roelof Koets I was a Dutch painter of the Golden Age of Dutch painting.
He was a member of the St. Luke's Guild in Haarlem, and his son was the painter Andries Koets. Roelof Koets was a master of still life with fish, utensils and fruit, most often bunches of grapes.
A little later, another artist with the same name, who painted portraits, lived and worked in Zwolle, Netherlands. To avoid confusion, he is called Roelof Koets II (1640-1725).
Peter Lely, née Pieter van der Faes, was an English painter of Dutch origin, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Haarlem.
In England his talent as a portrait painter was very highly regarded, he became a British subject and was knighted. For many years Lely had the title of the most fashionable portrait painter in England. He was the chief portrait painter at the court of Kings Charles I and Charles II. Lely painted many portraits of noble knights and ladies of the court.
Judith Jans Leyster, a Dutch portrait painter of the Golden Age, was the first woman in the ranks of the Harlem Guild of St. Luke's. She painted still lifes, lively portraits, and genre scenes of taverns with drunks and people having fun. Several of her canvases depict women at home, which was a novelty for painting in the 1620s and 1630s.
Jan Lievens was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and engraver of the Golden Age and a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
It is known that while still very young, at the age of twelve, Lievens already created skillful paintings that amazed art lovers of Leiden. He was later friendly with Rembrandt, shared a studio with him, and painted in a similar style. Lievens was also a court painter in England and elsewhere.
Jan Leavens created genre scenes, landscapes, ceremonial portraits and sketches on various themes, as well as religious and allegorical images, which were already highly valued during his lifetime.
Jacobus Linthorst was a Dutch painter, a master of still life, and a member of the St. Luke's Guild in Amsterdam.
Linthorst painted mostly lush, overflowing with many ripe fruits and bright colors compositions. It is believed that his work was clearly inspired by the work of Jan van Huysum, Jan van Os and Paul Theodor van Brussel.
Gottfried Locher was a Swiss artist, painter and printmaker.
Locher is considered the most important painter in western Switzerland in the transition from rococo. In 1759 he was admitted to the Freiburg fraternity of St. Luke. Until his death he worked as a draughtsman, engraver, portraitist, altarpiece and church painter. He decorated churches, secular buildings and, as his Excellency's court painter, the government buildings of Fribourg with frescoes.
Gottfried Locher taught his art to his sons François (1765-1799) and Jean-Emmanuel (1769-1840) and they also became artists, working in his father's studio.
Harmen Loeding was a Dutch painter, member of the Guild of St Luke's in Leiden. He specialised in still lifes with exotic and exquisite fruit and flowers.
Not much information is known about Luding, but he was a pupil of the famous artist Gerard Dou and worked in Leiden. He specialised in small genre paintings depicting the everyday life of Dutch people. His works often represent the interiors of offices, showing various objects and tools.
Harmen Luding is also known for his use of vivid colours and light and shade in his works, which created the effect of being present in a real scene. Some of his best known works include Doctors with a Pipe and A Kiss in the Dark.
He was also a member of the Guild of Artists of Leiden, where he worked until his death in 1673. His works are now in the collections of many museums, including the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and the Boijmans van Beuningen Museum in Rotterdam.
Gabriel Metsu was a Netherlandish painter of the Golden Age of Dutch painting, who painted mainly scenes of everyday life.
Metsu became one of the first members of the St. Luke's Artists' Guild in Leiden in 1648. He painted markets and outdoor interiors or genre scenes. He also produced many paintings of young women engaged in domestic tasks, often using his wife as a model, as in his painting St. Cecilia (1663).
In addition to genre, Gabriel Metsu was also engaged in portrait and historical painting, painted still lifes.
Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem was a Dutch painter, draftsman, and architect. Along with Karel van Mander and Hendrik Goltzius, he is one of the leading artists of the Dutch Mannerism of the Haarlem School, more commonly referred to as Cornelis van Haarlem.
Anthonie Palamedesz was a Dutch portrait and genre painter. He is in particular known for his merry company paintings depicting elegant figures engaged in play, music and conversation as well as guardroom scenes showing soldiers in guardrooms. Like many Dutch painters of his time, he painted portraits and still lifes, including vanitas still lifes. He further painted the staffage in a few views of the interior of churches. He played a major role in the development of genre painting in Delft in the mid 17th century.
Hendrik Gerritsz. Pot, nicknamed Pot from the East Indies, was a Dutch painter-painter, miniaturist, and decorator. He was a member of the Guild of St. Luke of Haarlem. Poth's famous works include genre paintings, portraits, and still lifes in the vanitas style. Sweat has genre scenes depicting groups of young people leading merry lives, drinking, eating and flirting, but he also painted a series of portraits of the English royal family.
Paulus Potter was a Dutch painter who specialized in animals within landscapes, usually with a low vantage point.
Before Potter died of tuberculosis at the age of 28 he succeeded in producing about 100 paintings, working continuously.
Frans Pourbus the Elder was a Flemish portrait painter, member of the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.
He is the son of the painter Peter Pourbus and the father of Frans Pourbus the Younger, who is considered a more skilled painter. Pourbus the Elder is considered one of the best portrait painters of his time. His paintings on religious themes are also well known.
Jan Alberts Rotius was a Dutch painter known for his individual and group portraits, breakfast still lifes, kitchen still lifes and fruit still lifes. He worked at Horn and was the father of the flower artist Jacob Rothius.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens was a Flemish artist and diplomat from the Duchy of Brabant in the Southern Netherlands (modern-day Belgium). He is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens's highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian history. His unique and immensely popular Baroque style emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, which followed the immediate, dramatic artistic style promoted in the Counter-Reformation. Rubens was a painter producing altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. He was also a prolific designer of cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops and of frontispieces for the publishers in Antwerp.
Herman Saftleven the Younger was a Dutch artist of the Golden Age who was Dean of the Guild of St. Luke in Utrecht.
Herman Saftleven the Younger was born into a creative family. His father, Hermann Saftleven the Elder (c. 1580-1627), was the father of three artist sons, Hermann the Younger, Cornelis (1607-1681), and Abraham Saftleven (c. 1611/13 - 1646).
Saftleven the Younger was an extremely productive painter, draughtsman, and printmaker. He is known for his landscapes near rivers as well as scenes of people traveling in the woods.
Johan Frederik Cornelis Scherrewitz was a Dutch painter, a member of the late flourishing Hague School, and a member of the Guild of St. Luke.
Scherrewitz was a well-known painter of Dutch landscapes and farm life, as well as of fishermen and the Dutch coast. His paintings often depicted shepherds with sheep, fishermen with barges, carts and horses, farmers and cows. He also liked to paint ordinary working people.
Throughout his life, Scherrewitz adhered to the Hague School style. Despite this he was little known in his homeland, but he achieved success in England, Scotland, and the United States.
Aart Schouman was a Dutch painter, member of the Guild of St. Luke in Dordrecht and The Hague, and for many years was a leading painter in Zealand and the south of Holland. Most of his work consists of portraits and large paintings on wallpaper, he also did etchings and engravings on glass and copper and stained glass. Schaumann was interested in mythological and biblical themes, and later became famous for his watercolors of city and park landscapes and unique compositions with exotic birds, rare animals and plants.
Jan Havickszoon Steen was a Dutch painter of the Golden Age, a member of the Harlem and Leiden Guilds of St. Luke. Steen is one of the most important Dutch genre painters of his time. Most of his several hundred paintings focus on human morality with the aim of teaching the viewer a moral lesson. They often refer to proverbs or old Dutch literary texts. In addition to genre paintings, Sten explored a variety of subjects: he painted historical, mythological and religious scenes, still lifes and landscapes.
Harmen Steenwijck was a Dutch painter of the Gilded Age. He created several genre works, but concentrated mainly on still lifes, including vanitas, in light, rich tones with elements of fruit and fish. Harmen Stenwijk's most famous work, however, is Allegory of the Vanity of Human Life.
Rudolph Friedrich Carl Suhrlandt was a German painter of the first half of the 19th century. He is known as a painter, graphic artist, portraitist and lithographer.
Rudolph Suhrlandt began his career as an adherent of classicism. He twice won art competitions at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts and became known for his portraits of Russian and Polish aristocrats. In 1808 he traveled to Rome and joined the Guild of St. Luke. Returning to Mecklenburg in 1816, Suhrlandt became a court painter and in 1817 was promoted to professor of painting.
Reyer Claesz. Suycker was a Dutch landscape painter of the Golden Age of Dutch painting.
Reyer was born into the family of a master painter from Haarlem, Nicolas Suycker. In 1639 he joined the Haarlem guild of St. Luke, and in 1643 he became its dean.
David Teniers the Younger was a Flemish Baroque painter, printmaker, draughtsman, miniaturist painter, staffage painter, copyist and art curator. He was an extremely versatile artist known for his prolific output. He was an innovator in a wide range of genres such as history painting, genre painting, landscape painting, portrait and still life. He is now best remembered as the leading Flemish genre painter of his day. Teniers is particularly known for developing the peasant genre, the tavern scene, pictures of collections and scenes with alchemists and physicians.
He was court painter and the curator of the collection of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm, the art-loving Governor General of the Habsburg Netherlands. He created a printed catalogue of the collections of the Archduke. He was the founder of the Antwerp Academy, where young artists were trained to draw and sculpt in the hope of reviving Flemish art after its decline following the death of the leading Flemish artists Rubens and Anthony van Dyck in the early 1640s. He influenced the next generation of Northern genre painters as well as French Rococo painters such as Antoine Watteau.
Maria Felice Tibaldi was an Italian Baroque painter and member of the Accademia di San Luca.
She painted portraits and paintings on historical subjects in oil and pastel, and is also known as the author of portrait miniatures, which were in demand among the nobility.
Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo was an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. He was the son of artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and elder brother of Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo.
Many of Domenico's works are drawings with ink wash, and he was a fine draftsman. Domenico was also a significant printmaker in etching, often reproducing his own or his father's paintings. But his original compositions include a series of twenty-four illustrations of the Idee Pittoresche sulla Fuga in Egitto ("Picturesque Scenes from the Flight into Egypt"), and one of the fourteen Stations of the Cross.
Willem van Aelst was a Dutch Baroque painter, representative of the Dutch school of floral and fruit still life. For a long time he fulfilled commissions in Florence, then lived and worked in Amsterdam up to his death. The artist signed his paintings with the nickname "Vogelverschrikker" (bird scarecrow), which later became his pseudonym.
Evert van Aelst was a Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age and a member of the Delft Guild of St. Luke. He was the uncle and teacher of the now most famous painter Willem van Aelst. Evert van Aelst was a skilled painter of all kinds of still life and depicted flowers, fruit, armor, metalwork, hunting trophies and equipment.
Pieter Jansz. van Asch was a Dutch painter of the Golden Age. He is a member of the Delft Guild of St. Luke. He is known for his landscapes. The artist's paintings include forest, rivers, winter, and views of Italy.
Dirk Jaspersz. van Baburen or Wijk bij Duurstede was a Dutch Golden Age painter, member of the Guild of Saint Luke of Utrecht. He is one of the leading representatives and creators of the Utrecht School of Caravaggio. Dirk van Baburen painted mainly on biblical and mythological subjects, as well as genre scenes with drunks and musicians.
Hendrik van Balen the Elder was a Flemish Baroque painter and stained glass artist, member of the Guild of Saint Luke in Antwerp.
Hendrik van Balen specialized in small cabinet paintings, often painted on copperplate. The artist's work was inspired by mythological and allegorical as well as religious subjects. The artist played an important role in the renewal of Flemish painting at the beginning of the 17th century and was one of Antoni van Dyck's teachers.
Jan Hermansz. van Bijlert, or Jan van Bijlert, or Giovanni Bilardo, is a Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age, considered one of the Caravaggio school in Utrecht. He spent about four years in Italy and was one of the founders of the Bentvueghels circle of northern artists in Rome, where he was nicknamed Aeneas. Van Beilert was one of the most famous artists of the city of Utrecht. He mainly painted religious and mythological scenes, genre scenes of public places and musical parties, but he was also a portraitist.
Jacob van Campen was a Dutch painter and architect of the Golden Age and a member of the Guild of St. Luke of Haarlem. He is one of the progenitors of Dutch Classicism in architectural style. In addition to houses and palaces, van Campen also designed a number of churches.
Adriaen Pietersz. van de Venne was a Dutch painter, graphic artist, and poet of the Golden Age and a member of the Guild of St. Luke in The Hague. He is known for his paintings of genre scenes, allegories, portraits, and historical scenes. De Venne painted many engravings illustrating genre scenes depicting peasants, old men, vagabonds, madmen, and thieves. These works often illustrate aphorisms and proverbs.
Dirk van der Aa, also known as Theodorus van der Ha or Thierry van der Aa, was a Dutch Rococo painter, graphic ornamentalist. He was a member of the Guild of St. Luke in The Hague. He was primarily an interior painter and became known for his painterly decorative allegories and works executed in monochrome grisaille technique.
Jan Jacobsz. van der Stoffe was a Netherlandish painter of the Golden Age of Dutch painting.
In 1644, der Stoffe became a member of the St. Luke's Guild of Leiden and in 1699 became its dean.
The earliest painting by van der Stoffe dates from 1635. He specialized in hunting and battle scenes, relevant at the time. In style he is very close to the Haarlem painter Abraham van der Hoof (c. 1611-1666). Three cavalry paintings by van der Stoffe are still preserved in Leiden, in the De Lakenhal Museum.
Vincent Jansz van der Vinne was a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter, member of the Guild of St. Luke in Haarlem, known for his Italian landscapes and floral still lifes, but also for creating tapestries and decorating entire rooms. Wynne was an art collector and dealer, as well as a museum manager.
Rogier van der Weyden, birth name Rogier de le Pasture, was a Dutch painter, a classic of the Northern Renaissance.
Rogier van der Weyden was one of the most important and influential artists of the Flemish Northern Renaissance, along with Jan van Eyck and Robert Kampen. He became the official painter of the city of Brussels and executed works for the Duke of Burgundy, who ruled the region at the time. Van der Weyden's groups of figures and compositions for portraits and biblical scenes inspired subsequent generations of artists, and his ability to convey strong emotion has been recognized as one of his major contributions to European art. He is considered the first European artist to depict people crying.
The most powerful on the emotional impact on the viewer can be considered the canvas of the artist "The removal from the cross" (1435-1440), it is one of the peaks of European fine art XV century. Currently, the painting is stored in the Prado Museum in Madrid.
One of Rogier van der Weyden's sons, grandson and great-grandson also became artists.
Philip van Dijk was a Dutch portrait painter and collector of paintings.
In 1718 van Dijk moved to The Hague, where he became famous as an outstanding portrait painter of the Dutch elite, but he also created genre works. In 1725 van Dijk was appointed court painter to the Landgrave-Prince of Hesse-Kassel, whom he also assisted in his collecting - an important position, as the Landgrave was one of the wealthiest and most enthusiastic collectors of the time.
Van Dijk's masterpiece is a group portrait of the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and members of his large family, still preserved in Kassel. Philip van Dijk advised collectors of paintings and was himself an active collector: by the end of his life he had a collection of 165 works by leading masters, including Rembrandt's The Unbelief of St. Thomas of 1634.
Philip van Dijk was a member of the Guild of St. Luke's in Middelburg, but joined the Confrerie Pictura in The Hague.
Jan Josephsz. van Goyen was a Dutch landscape painter and draftsman of the Golden Age, a member of the Guild of St. Luke of Leiden, and a representative of the so-called tonal landscape. Van Goyen specialized in landscape painting and left many paintings depicting forest paths, rivers, lakes, and canals. He also painted peasant huts and the outskirts of towns.
Jan van Goin was one of the most prolific painters of the 17th century: some 1,200 paintings he created and some 800 drawings have survived.
Hendrik van Minderhout was a Dutch marine painter and member of the Guild of St. Luke.
He worked mainly in the Flemish cities of Bruges and Antwerp and painted landscapes, sea paintings, cityscapes, and architectural paintings.
Pieter van Mol was a Flemish painter and draftsman who worked in the Baroque style.
Pieter van Mol became a master and member of the Antwerp Guild of Artists of St. Luke's in 1622. Around 1631 he moved to Paris, where he opened his own studio and worked at the court of Louis XIII as a court painter. Later, among other artists under the patronage of Cardinal Mazarini, he became the organizer and one of the first members of the French Academy of Painting and Sculpture, later - the Royal Academy of Painting.
Pieter van Mol painted historical and religious subjects, portraits and allegories. His style was obviously strongly influenced by the work of Rubens.
Cornelis van Poelenburgh was a Dutch landscape painter and draftsman of the Dutch Golden Age of painting. He was a leading representative of the first generation of Dutch landscape painters who worked in Rome in the early 17th century. In a group of fellow Dutch Bentvueghels he was nicknamed Satyr. Pulenbrüerg was known for his small paintings depicting Italian landscapes with small figures depicting biblical or mythological scenes.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch Golden Age painter, printmaker and draughtsman. An innovative and prolific master in three media, he is generally considered one of the greatest visual artists in the history of art and the most important in Dutch art history.
Unlike most Dutch masters of the 17th century, Rembrandt's works depict a wide range of style and subject matter, from portraits and self-portraits to landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, biblical and mythological themes and animal studies. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age, when Dutch art (especially Dutch painting), whilst antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was prolific and innovative. This era gave rise to important new genres. Like many artists of the Dutch Golden Age, such as Jan Vermeer, Rembrandt was an avid art collector and dealer.
Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael is one of the most famous Dutch landscape painters of the 17th century.
Jacob van Ruisdael's paintings are striking examples of landscape painting. His work depicts the beauty, diversity and power of nature.
Abraham van Strij was a Dutch painter, like his younger brother Jacob van Strij, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Dordrecht. He originally focused on wall decorations and decorative panels, he also painted portraits, landscapes, and was best known for his interior paintings depicting scenes from people's daily lives. Van Stray specialized in reviving the pictorial techniques of the Dutch Golden Age.
Jacob van Strij was a Dutch painter and printmaker, a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Dordrecht, his older brother Abraham van Strij. Jacob created wall decorations, decorative panels and was mainly interested in landscape painting, including mountain, sea and especially winter landscapes.
Gillis van Tilborgh the Younger was a Flemish painter and a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Brussels.
He received his primary education from his father Gillis van Tilborgh the Elder, and then studied with David Teniers the Younger. Van Tilborgh was a versatile artist: he painted group portraits of townspeople, genre scenes in taverns and villages, depicted soldiers' everyday life and meetings of intellectuals in art galleries. Gillis van Tilborgh was also the curator of the collection of paintings by the Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands in the castle of Tervuren near Brussels.
Moyses van Uyttenbroeck was a Dutch painter and printmaker of the Golden Age, the younger brother of Jan Matheus van Uyttenbroeck, a member of the Guild of St. Luke. He mainly painted works on themes of religious and classical mythology, portraits and Italian landscapes.