Starting price:€ 2 500
Auction date:28.04.2017   15:00
Culture of Hongsha, approx. 3500 - 3000 before
HEIGHT 15.6 CM, LOWER DM. 8,4 - 9 CM, THE UPPER DM. 11,5 -13 CM
玉雕馬蹄形件。中國,紅山文化,約公元前3500-3000年。高 15.6 CM, 直徑下 8.4至9 厘米, 直徑上 11.5-13厘米。

A particularly large tube with targets the busier grain of the Jade and distinct age characteristics. These tubular pieces have been in the Hongshan culture probably hair holder for noble ladies, and perhaps gentlemen and were placed as funerary objects behind the head. They have also been found next to the body lying. Rawson writes in her book, that has usually only been a piece in the tombs, positioned in the former hair. The “horseshoe shape” is called Matixing 楔巬⼊ and it is for this “hair holder” quite characteristic. Other features of the strip-like channels, here are six in total, and according to the tube shape slightly bent outwards on to the higher indoor side. And the two Eyelets on the bottom edge probably served for attachment to the hair.

In this tube, the unusual size is noticeable and very impressive, the Person had to be extremely have a full head of hair. Furthermore, revives the grain of the game is powerful and offers almost stormy Cloudiness, with numerous inclusions and veins, the likely Mineral to have a black-and-green color had, however, become due to the aging, largely white. The weathering has caused Nicks in the edges, apart from a slightly larger and more small. The most found so far pieces of this type have been discovered in Niuheliang, which is located in the North-East of China in the Liaoning province.

Comparative examples can be found in many publications, such as in “Chinese Jades”, ed. Rosemary E. Scott, in table 6 and 7 (the text is noted, inter alia, that “the style of the hairstyle and Haarzier for a long time were of great relevance for the rank of the Person”. Furthermore, in “the Chinese Jade. Selected Articles ...” in “Orientations”, Hong Kong. Or in “Jades from China”, Museum of East Asian Art, no. 27.

Notes by Prof. Salviati: This tubular ornament is carved from a mottled, bluish-greyish type of jade with extensive alterations in the form of white veins and patches that are evenly distributed over the strongly weathered surface. The back side is embellished with smooth, parallel grooves, and two small, slightly slanting holes are drilled on the sides and at the bottom. The top edges of these finely crafted jades are thinner in comparison to the rest of the object, hence breakage may easily occur during burial: in fact, several similar excavated artefacts are chipped along the top edge, such as those recovered from various tombs of the Niuheliang site (Jianping county, Liaoning province) and reproduced in Zhang Shuwei 張樹偉 and Li Xiang Dong 李向東 (eds.), Shikong chuanyue: Hongshan wenhua chutu yuqi jing pin zhan 時空穿越:红山文化玉器精品展 (Through time and space: Unearthed jade articles of the Hongshan Culture), Beijing, 2012, pp. 59-67. Lake so Yang Xiaoneng (ed.), The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology. Celebrated Discoveries from The People's Republic of China, New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1999, no.11

Expertise: Wolfmar Zacken & Filippo Salviati
From a German private collection
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Preview26.04.2017 - 28.04.2017
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