A1110 | New tendencies. Op Art, Kinetics & Zero
Victor Vasarely was a French artist and sculptor of Hungarian origin. Vasarely is considered the most famous theorist and one of the best practitioners of Op Art of the 20th century, the "father" of the art of illusion.
Victor Vasarely considered the main thing is not the picture on the canvas, but how it is perceived by the human brain. He boldly experimented with the depiction of precise geometric shapes, the use of bright contrasting colors, which together created the effect of smooth, infinite motion. According to Vasarely, op-art art does not affect the viewer's brain, but the retina. This is the triumph of color and light, complete freedom of expression, an amazing combination of geometric shapes, "enlivening" the picture for many years before the advent of computer 3D-graphics.
Victor Vasarely was inspired by nature itself, its forms and colors, but transferred it to the canvas encoded. His paintings impressed so much that people would faint at exhibitions. And it was the collage "Cosmos" that was the first work of art to travel to outer space on the Soviet ship Soyuz T-6.
The artist Vasarely left a rich legacy to posterity - hundreds of paintings, his own museum and the building of the foundation of his name, made in a bizarre architectural form.
Hugo Demarco was an Argentinian-born French painter associated with the kinetic (op art) and Nouvelle Tendance movements. Demarco's work is concerned largely with color and movement and he often used prisms to reflect light and create movement. His work created "very active structures, in spite of the simplicity of their patterns" by using form, color, texture, and rhythm, including color degradation and chromatic contrasts, to create movement.
Jean-Pierre Vasarely, professionally known as Yvaral, was a French artist working in the fields of op-art and kinetic art from 1954 onwards. He was the son of Victor Vasarely, who was a pioneer of op-art.
Julio Le Parc is an Argentina-born artist who focuses on both modern op art and kinetic art. Le Parc attended the School of Fine Arts in Argentina. A founding member of Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) and award-winning artworks, he is a significant figure in Argentinean modern art. He was bestowed the Konex Award from Argentina in 1982 and 2022.