Lot 247. Gascar, Henri. Barbara Palmer, geb. Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1640 - 1709)

Starting price:€ 18 000
Auction date:04.07.2018   14:00
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Lot 247Gascar, Henri. Barbara Palmer, geb. Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1640 - 1709)
Three-quarter-length figure to the left, on a sofa sitting in front of curtain drapery. Views of the Park landscape. Oil on canvas 99,5 x 123 cm (in the Oval). Doubled. Restored frame. The present painting finds correspondences in the other transverse oval portraits of Henri Gascars, representing favourites of the English king Charles II (1630-1685). By copper engravings handed down is a portrait of Barbara Palmer with their daughter, as well as a portrait of Louise de Kéroualles, Duchess of Portsmouth (undetectable in the database of the National Portrait Gallery, London). The present painting finds correspondences in the other transverse oval portraits of Henri Gascars, representing favourites of the English king Charles II (1630-1685). By copper engravings handed down is a portrait of Barbara Palmer with their daughter, as well as a portrait of Louise de Kéroualles, Duchess of Portsmouth (undetectable in the database of the National Portrait Gallery, London). Barbara Palmer, born. Villiers was next to Nell Gwynn, the most famous of the many mistresses of the English king. After they had married in 1659, to Roger Palmer, a diplomat and mathematics scholars, she was already in 1660, beloved of the king. Of their six children, five were acknowledged by the king, officially. At court and in the consciousness of the population of Palmer was in the 60s, very much present. Her influence on Charles II waned at the beginning of the 70s. New favourites appeared: Nell Gwynn, and Louise de Kéroualle. 1670 Palmer was appointed by the king to the Baroness Nonsuch, Countess of Southampton and Duchess of Cleveland. The identification of the Depicted as Barbara Palmer is made possible by several contemporary portraits of, among others, by Sir Peter Lely, the engravings handed down and striking physiognomic Parallels in terms of distinctive Details such as the shape of the nose, the curve of the high-mounted have eyebrows. Henri Gascar moved 1674 - after stays in Rome and the Netherlands to England. In London he created at the court of the king's many portraits, including one of the former favorite of Louise Renée de Penancoet de Kéroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth. May be, this portrait can be used as part of a sequence of representations of the Royal mistresses to interpret, in the sense of a very private "gallery of beauties" of the English king.

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Preview28.06.2018 - 02.07.2018
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