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Academic art, known also as academicism or academism, was a style of painting and sculpture that dominated European art in the 19th century. This movement, deeply rooted in the teachings of the European academies of art, especially the influential French Académie des Beaux-Arts, was characterized by a strong adherence to classical traditions of realism and idealism.

The movement emerged post-Napoleonic Wars and flourished by upholding precise guidelines like the hierarchy of genres, which ranked historical themes and orientalism at the top. Academic art combined the disciplined techniques and grandeur of neoclassicism with the emotive breadth of romanticism, resulting in artworks that were both technically masterful and richly expressive.

Academic art was not just a style but an institutionally endorsed philosophy that shaped the fine arts across Europe. Its impact was perpetuated by the academies which were established to teach art according to traditional rules and techniques. Today, the legacies of academic art are preserved in the works of its most renowned practitioners, whose works remain a testament to the era's pursuit of perfection in the arts.

For connoisseurs and collectors who revere the classical finesse and historical depth in art, Academic art offers a gateway to the golden era of European artistry. To explore the masterpieces of this pivotal art movement, sign up for our updates and enhance your collection with a piece of academic excellence.

Country: Europe, France, Russian Empire
Start of the period: XIX century
End of the period: XIX century