Sculpture 19vek. H. 40cm.
The Sculpture “Bartolomeo Colleoni”
19vek. H. 40cm.
Bronze, casting, procchance, greening. Freestyle a smaller copy of the world famous masterpiece equestrian monument to the condottiere Bartolomeo Colleoni, Venice, by sculptor A. Verokko.

(Or Colleoni Bartolomeo Colleone, 1400 - 1475) — Italian condottiere, born at Bergamo, was one of the greatest military leaders in Italy in the fifteenth century.

He stood out among many of his fellow condottieri consistently and faithfully served the Republic of Venice. He also became the first Italian to use in the field artillery. In spite of such a harsh occupation, a distinctive feature of Colleoni was an interest in art. Owned by the Malpaga castle is located near the Bergamo is distinguished by its ornamentation and beauty. Bartolomeo Colleoni died in 1476 at the age of 75 years, and as heirs he had, he bequeathed his entire fortune to the Republic of Venice under the condition that he put up a monument the equestrian statue in the Central square of Venice – in front of the Cathedral San Marco. Several years passed before this issue was addressed, the problem was the location of the monument on the Piazza San Marco to erect a monument to the Condottiere, despite his considerable services to the Republic, it was impossible, because none of the great Venetian Doges had not received this honor. And then, the city authorities, not wanting to abandon a solid inheritance, went to the trick. Taking advantage of the inaccuracies in the will of the Condottiero, they decided to put a monument to him near the Piazza San Marco and was near the Scuola is the building of religious organizations, which also bore the name of San Marco, but was on the square San By e Paolo.

The creation of the monument, after the preliminary competition, which according to legend took part Verrocchio, Bartolomeo Bellano of Padua and Alessandro Leopardi from Venice, was charged with Verrocchio. For the great Italian sculptor, teacher of Michelangelo, equestrian monument to the condottiere was the last and most significant sculpture that can be seen today in Venice. Verrocchio worked on the statue for about 10 years, but never saw his work on a pedestal. He died at the age of 53 years, struck by a sudden and unknown illness. The completion of the monument to Colleoni, according to the last will of Verrocchio, had to be entrusted to Lorenzo di credi, however, the Venetian Senate instructed to complete the monument to the famous caster Alessandro Leopardi. In the summer of 1492 both figures - horse and rider - was cast them and on November 19 1495 monument has stood in its place, in the Piazza San Giovanni e Paolo. Despite the fact that Leopardi put on the harness of the horse of the Colleoni his signature Florentine authors, who wrote about art in the first half of the XVI century, noted that Verrocchio was the author of the clay model of the monument, which death was not able to finish.

Modern researchers are unanimous in recognizing the statue of Colleoni by Verrocchio's masterpiece, limiting the creative participation of the public in its creation only features, such as the elaboration of ornament on the harness of the horse. Belongs to Alessandro Leopardi, obviously, also the pedestal of the monument to Colleoni and the choice of the place for him.

The rider and horse at the Verrocchio are one body, concentrating and sending forth their joint energy. But this body felt the dominance of one will - the will of the rider. Rising in the stirrups, he seems huge and controls the horse not only willful, but also physical effort. The face of Colleoni in some degree a portrait, but portrait features in the monument dominates the collective image created by Verrocchio. Before us is a leader, a commander that can command, to make responsible and cruel decision to kill the enemies. First and foremost to win. Colleoni is one of the "titans of the Renaissance", which gave rise to the era. . In 1504 pomponius Atticus Dauricus criticized the Colleoni horse, because "it had the appearance of horses from the flayed skin." In that rebuke is the truth. Indeed, the horse of the Colleoni has a very detailed study of anatomy. It seems that Verrocchio's proud of his skill in sculpting muscles and tendons. He completely avoids smooth, undifferentiated planes, separated by the folds of the tendons and muscles. However, it would be a mistake to see in such a detailed interpretation of the anatomy of the horse only bravado virtuoso who is proud of their knowledge and ability. From Verrocchio at the heart of every proposed solution is a subtle and profound calculation. Obviously, he was guided by the idea that, even put on a high pedestal, the horse will be much closer to the viewer than the figure sitting on her rider. Know what kind of pedestal planned for your monument sculptor, so one can only assume that he knowingly gave the figure of the horse so much attention. An additional effect could also give the opposition interpreted details of the horse's body total study armour of Colleoni. Horse created by Verrocchio, above all, specific. It's hot and gusty. It is not by chance is one with its rider. It fits his character and temperament that Colleoni, which depicted Verrocchio.

Bronze soldier of fortune, erected Verrocchio's monument to the will, energy, determination, heroism of man. Sculptor glorified not only Colleoni, but has created a vivid image of contemporary man of action, accustomed to fight and win. And maybe there is in Colleoni something from the Verrocchio, who fought all the life challenges, persistently seeking for new orders, and won, by the power of your talent competitors.
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