AMULET WITH MYTHICAL MASK OF THE HEAD IN THE RARE HORNED FORM

Starting price:€ 2 400
Auction date:28.04.2017   15:00
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Lot 44AMULET WITH MYTHICAL MASK OF THE HEAD IN THE RARE HORNED FORM
AMULET WITH MYTHICAL MASK OF THE HEAD IN THE RARE HORNED FORM
Jade
China
Neolithic culture of Liangzhu, approx. 3300 - 2200 before
HEIGHT 4.1 CM, WIDTH 5,15 CM, THICKNESS 7 - 8 MM
玉雕獸面紋護身符。中國,良渚文化,約公元前3300-2200 年。高 4.1 厘米, 寬 5.15 厘米,厚0.7 - 0.8 厘米。維也納私人舊藏。

This small Amulettjade, a decorative pendant, the Liangzhu typical, wide-eyed mask's face. To is to bottom, are rounded in a circular, up sharply forked, and from horns slightly oblique, in the middle of a shorter straight. The something to the oval, walking the fields around the eyes have a pattern a very fine cut line, in the same way, as it is known, for example, of the Cong and give those eyes the unmistakably enigmatic expression. Between the eyes in a trapezoidal box, with a similar Linienzier is located on the wide, straight mouth. This face here seems to us to be less demonic than the rather mystical, transcendental, and this amulet has had certainly an apotropaic function. This Jade is the majority of yellow-brown to reddish brown, the reddish brown staining is probably the result of oxidation of the Iron content, it is distributed in white boxes due to aging. In the focused light of a very red tint appears. Smooth back, the Ösengang runs mittlings vertically.

This triple-horned type is found relatively in the book “Chinese Jade The Spiritual and Cultural Significance of Jade in China” by Gu Fang Li Hong Juan, the white slightly larger piece from the same time and is referred to as the “ceremonialjade”.

This Jade is published in the book of FILIPPO SALVIATI: THE MYSTERIOUS STONE: Chinese Jades from the Neolithic to the Han from private collections (release date spring 2017). Notes by Prof. Salviati: This small ornament, shaped as a half disc with three projections on the top side, is one of the most common types of jades crafted by the Liangzhu culture and is documented mostly in sites in Yuhang county, Zhejiang province, such as the Yaoshan and Fanshan cemeteries works. The front is decorated with an animal mask carved in low-relief, filled with tiny incised lines, while the back is plain. A perforation runs through the central projection from the top to the bottom of the jade, which is reddish in colour with opaque patches due to limited surface alteration of the stone. A three-pronged fitting of similar size and type of stone, decorated with a slightly more complex version of the mask motif, is in the Freer/Sackler galleries (acc. no. S1987.734): http://www.asia.si.edu/collections/edan/object.php?q=fsg_S1987.734 A selection of three-pronged fittings excavated from Liangzhu culture sites is presented in the Zhejiang institute of cultural relics and archaeology, Liangzhu wenhua yuqi 良渚文化玉器 (Jades of the Liangzhu Culture), Wenwu chubanshe, Beijing, 1990, pls.124-132.

Expertise: Wolfmar Zacken & Filippo Salviati
From a Viennese collection
Address of auction
Galerie Zacke
Mariahilferstrasse 112
1070 Wien
Austria
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Preview26.04.2017 - 28.04.2017
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