Joan Miró (1893 - 1983)
Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma in 1981.
Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as Surrealism but with a personal style, sometimes also veering into Fauvism and Expressionism. He was notable for his interest in the unconscious or the subconscious mind, reflected in his re-creation of the childlike. His difficult-to-classify works also had a manifestation of Catalan pride. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, Miró expressed contempt for conventional painting methods as a way of supporting bourgeois society, and declared an "assassination of painting" in favour of upsetting the visual elements of established painting.
|Date and place of birt:||20 april 1893, Barcelona, Spain|
|Date and place of death:||25 december 1983, Palma de Mallorca, Spain|
|Period of activity:||XIX, XX century|
|Specialization:||Painter, Sculptor, Ceramist, Artist, Graphic artist|
|Art school / group:||Agrupación Courbet|
|Art style:||Abstractionism, Cubist, Fauvism, Surrealism|