Wäinö Aaltonen was a Finnish sculptor and painter of the first half of the twentieth century. He became famous as the author of monumental compositions symbolizing the independence of Finland.
Wäinö Aaltonen created monuments and busts, reliefs, medals, as well as landscape drawings and oil paintings. As a sculptor, he worked in granite and marble, and also used wood, terracotta, and bronze. In his works, he adhered to the late Art Nouveau style, sometimes resorting to Cubist techniques.
Vladimir Ivanovich Akulov (Russian: Владимир Иванович Акулов) is a Soviet and contemporary Belarusian artist. He is known as a painter, graphic artist and teacher, a representative of the second wave of Belarusian avant-garde.
Vladimir Akulov in his work has developed a unique style under the influence of expressionism, cubism, primitivism, fauvism. He is a master of portrait, landscape, still life, compositions with symbolic and allegorical subjects, illustrations of literary works. During his career the artist created several cycles of portraits, including those of famous people.
Saad Al-Tai is a contemporary Iraqi artist. He participated in several exhibitions in Baghdad and abroad. Al-Tai was a member of the Iraqi Impressionists Group. Despite the name of the group, Al-Tai was not categorically an impressionist, rather his style lent more towards cubist realism. For him, the colour of the painting was determined by its subject matter. Al-Tai is an award winning artist who, amongst other things, received Italian knighthood in 2005 in recognition for his efforts in fostering Iraqi-Italian cultural dialogue including founding and heading the Italian Language Department in 2002 at the College of Languages, Baghdad University.
Julio Uruguay Alpuy was an Uruguayan painter, sculptor, and muralist. During his early career, Alpuy was a part of the Taller Torres-García (School of the South) and the constructive art movement. While his early works were greatly influenced by Torres-García's theories about what he called Constructive Universalism, Alpuy drew from a wide variety of cultures and myths to create works that broke the boundaries of the constructive grid. Additionally, his studies in Europe and Latin America helped develop an interest in Cubism and myths that influenced later works. Alpuy had a prolific career and his works are exhibited throughout the world.
Charles Henry Alston was a mid-twentieth-century American artist. He is known as a graphic and muralist painter as well as a sculptor, illustrator, and educator who lived and worked in New York City's Harlem neighborhood.
Charles Alston was an activist in the so-called "Harlem Renaissance." He became the first African-American director of the U.S. Federal Art Project. The artist created murals for Harlem Hospital as well as a number of cultural and administrative buildings in New York City. Alston is the author of a bust of Martin Luther King, Jr. which was the first depiction of an African American to be displayed at the White House in Washington, DC.
Nathan Isaiovych Altman (Russian: Натан Исаевич Альтман) was a 20th century Russian and Soviet Jewish painter, avant-garde artist, illustrator, muralist, graphic artist, sculptor, designer and stage designer. Nathan Altman created about 200 paintings of different genres, his creative range was unusually wide.
Nathan Altman was born in Vinnitsa into a poor Jewish family. He lost his parents early and was brought up by his grandmother. He began his painting and sculpture studies in an art school in Odessa and continued in a private studio in Paris. In France he became close friends with famous masters, in particular with Marc Chagall, and became interested in cubism.
Returning to Russia, Altman continued to create in an original manner, trying his hand at different genres (including advertising). He quickly rose to fame - his portrait of the poetess Anna Akhmatova was called a "milestone in art" by the critics.
The revolution of 1917 further strengthened Nathan Altman's position as a sought-after artist. His work became a notable phenomenon in the history of fine art of the USSR.
Mikhail Fedorovich Andrienko-Nechytailo (Russian: Михаил Фёдорович Андриенко-Нечитайло) was a 20th-century French artist of Russian-Ukrainian origin. He is known as a painter-modernist, scenographer, novelist.
Mikhail Andrienko-Nechytailo, having emigrated from revolutionary Russia, in 1923 settled in Paris, where he lived until the end of his life. There the artist created his most famous works in the style of cubism, constructivism, surrealism, neorealism, abstractionism.
Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko was a Ukrainian and American avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist. He was one of the first to apply the principles of Cubism to architecture, analyzing human figure into geometrical forms.
Dorothee Bachem is a German-born, distinctive artist and writer who runs a studio in Flensburg.
Bachem studied art at the Berlin University of the Arts and works in various techniques - multi-layered painting, collage, printmaking.
With her unique poetics, Bachem creates surreal, dreamlike, timeless picture stories in which the influence of Picasso and Cubism can be read.
Mirko Basaldella is an Italian and American sculptor and artist.
Born into a creative family, he displayed his talent from a young age and participated in the Italian Biennale. In 1957 Basaldella moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1962.
Romare Bearden was an American artist, author, and songwriter.
Bearden's early work focused on unity and cooperation within the African-American community. After a period during the 1950s when he painted more abstractly, this theme reemerged in his collage works of the 1960s.
Max Carl Friedrich Beckmann was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer. Although he is classified as an Expressionist artist, he rejected both the term and the movement. In the 1920s, he was associated with the New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit), an outgrowth of Expressionism that opposed its introverted emotionalism. Even when dealing with light subject matter like circus performers, Beckmann often had an undercurrent of moodiness or unease in his works. By the 1930s, his work became more explicit in its horrifying imagery and distorted forms with combination of brutal realism and social criticism, coinciding with the rise of nazism in Germany.
Vladimir Georgievich Bekhteev (Russian: Владимир Георгиевич Бехтеев) was a Russian and Soviet artist. He is better known as a graphic artist, the author of numerous book illustrations. But his creative heritage is much more diverse.
Vladimir Bekhteev worked as the chief artist of the circus, was an animalist, wrote domestic scenes, watercolor landscapes, portraits. During his career he worked in different styles, including Cubism and Art Nouveau.
Joseph Binder, full name Joseph Friedrich Gustav Binder, was a German avant-garde painter, designer and graphic artist.
In the early 1930s, Joseph Binder worked on major brand commissions for Knorr, Reemtsma, Tekrum, Elida, Minera, Dujardin, Stella and Mercedes-Benz and earned fame as a style-defining industrial designer. In all, by the early 1960s, Binder had created more than 2,000 stamps and posters.
In painting, Binder favored cubism: geometrically stylized form is of great importance to the painter. He was also influenced by the Bauhaus school of art and the Blue Rider group.
Sebastian Black is a contemporary American artist from New York whose work is stylistically reminiscent of Cubism. The artist is best known for his Puppy Paintings series, in which he depicts puppy muzzles in fragmented abstract shapes and warm tones.
Fyodor Semyonovich Bogorodsky (Russian: Фёдор Семёнович Богородский) was a Soviet artist. He is known as a painter, graphic artist, and stage designer. His legacy includes pedagogical activities - until his death he was head of the Department of Painting and Drawing at the Institute of Cinematography.
Fyodor Bogorodsky's early works were influenced by Impressionism as well as Cubism, Suprematism and Futurism. As a mature artist, he worked in the style of socialist realism. The artist created landscapes, portraits, painted genre and plot-historical scenes. Among them the most famous are the images of sailors of the Civil War and a series of portraits of homeless people.
Throughout his career, Bogorodsky was a member of various artistic associations, and in the last years of his life he headed the Moscow Union of Artists.
Kseniya Leonidovna Boguslavskaya (Russian: Ксения Леонидовна Богуславская) was a twentieth-century Russian artist who lived and worked in Germany and France for most of her career. She is known as a painter, graphic artist, theatrical artist and designer, and poetess.
Kseniya Boguslavskaya was a representative of the avant-garde school. She created semi-abstract cubo-futuristic compositions, including landscapes, still lifes, genre scenes, and images of interiors. In the same style, the artist drew sketches for articles of applied art. She also illustrated covers of publications and worked as a scenographer.
Georges Braque was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most notable contributions were in his alliance with Fauvism from 1905, and the role he played in the development of Cubism. Braque's work between 1908 and 1912 is closely associated with that of his colleague Pablo Picasso. Their respective Cubist works were indistinguishable for many years, yet the quiet nature of Braque was partially eclipsed by the fame and notoriety of Picasso.
Hans Brass was a German artist of the first half of the twentieth century. He is known as a painter and graphic artist, famous for his expressionist works.
Hans Brass created landscapes in a traditional style at the beginning of his career. However, between 1917 and 1923 he turned to Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism. From 1921 he became interested in abstract art, and until 1933 he created abstract works and works with religious content. By 1948 Brass had developed his own unique style based on his expressionist experience. From 1952 he worked in watercolor, depicting landscapes and flowers.
Vladimir Davydovych Burliuk (Russian: Владимир Давидович Бурлюк) was a Russian artist of the twentieth century. He is known as a painter, graphic artist, book illustrator, and poet, as well as one of the founders of Russian futurism and one of the most radical experimenters of the early avant-garde.
Vladimir Burliuk in his paintings used the techniques of Art Nouveau, Russian Cubo-Futurism, Primitivism (peasant drawing), and icons. He was the leader and member of several art groups and associations, in particular, "Wreath-Stefanos", "Gilea", "Jack of Diamonds", "Union of Youth" and participated in Cubo-Futurist exhibitions.
Josef Čapek was a Czech artist, writer, and journalist. He was the younger brother of writer Karel Čapek. Josef Čapek studied at the School of Applied Arts in Prague and later in Paris, where he was influenced by Cubism and Surrealism.
Čapek was a prolific artist, working in various mediums including painting, printmaking, and illustration. He is perhaps best known for his work in the area of puppetry, having created a number of puppet shows that were popular in Czechoslovakia during the 1920s and 1930s. His puppets were known for their expressive faces and whimsical designs.
Čapek was also a writer and journalist, and he wrote plays, essays, and articles for various newspapers and magazines. He was a member of the Czechoslovakian avant-garde group Devětsil, which promoted modern art and literature in the country.
During World War II, Čapek was arrested by the Nazis for his anti-fascist views and was sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. He died there in 1945, just weeks before the camp was liberated by Allied forces.
Čapek's legacy as an artist and writer is significant, and he is considered one of the most important Czech artists of the 20th century. His work is represented in many collections around the world, including the National Gallery in Prague and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
Nicola Carrino is an Italian sculptor.
Since 1969 he has been creating large three-dimensional geometric-modular works that fit organically into the surrounding landscape.
Carrino was professor of sculpture at the Academy of Fine Arts and a member of the Accademia Nazionale di San Luca.
Patrick Caulfield was an English painter and graphic artist of the twentieth century. He is considered one of the founders of British Pop Art, although the artist himself did not associate himself with this direction, calling himself a "formal painter.
Patrick Caulfield created paintings in such genres as allegory, interior, still life, nude, landscape, portrait, figurative painting. His paintings are characterized by a flat treatment of objects, two-dimensionality, absence of light and perspective, sharp outlines, and the almost total absence of half-tones. One of the innovative styles of the artist-experimentalist is considered to be photorealism, which presents home interiors, landscapes and buildings.
Jacques (Ya'akov) Chapiro was a painter of the School of Paris.
Chapiro's works can be found in museums in the United States (Chicago), Russia (Moscow) and France (Jeu de Paume, Paris). As to his artistic style, it seems that Chapiro was fond of experiments. His many paintings are much different from one another; some are classified as Cubistic in style, some as Impressionist and others as Fauvist. Throughout his artistic career, Chapiro kept sketching in his unique signature, with a light and talented hand. It is in his realistic sketching, which are somewhat casual, that one can be truly impressed by his talent.
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now regarded as modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, and he designed buildings in Europe, Japan, India, and North and South America.
Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urban planning, and was a founding member of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne. Le Corbusier prepared the master plan for the city of Chandigarh in India, and contributed specific designs for several buildings there, especially the government buildings.
Antonio Corpora was a Tunisian born Italian painter who followed the Tachisme style of Abstract art.
In the 1930s, Corpora's style was abstract and geometric, heavily influenced by Cubism and Fauvism. His work later shifted more towards abstract expressionism.
Roberto Crippa was an Italian painter and sculptor. He studied at the Brera Academy of Fine Arts in Milan, where he developed his artistic skills by exploring different styles and techniques.
Crippa's early work was influenced by Surrealism, with its dreamy and symbolic images. However, he soon moved away from figurative representation and began to use abstraction. His artistic style evolved into a unique combination of abstraction and geometric forms.
One of Crippa's notable contributions to art was his involvement in the Movimento Arte Concreta (Concrete Art) movement in Italy. This movement advocated non-representational art, emphasizing geometric forms, mathematical precision and a focus on the formal aspects of art. Krippa's work from this period demonstrates a fascination with grids, lines and geometric patterns.
József Csáky was a Hungarian avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist, best known for his early participation in the Cubist movement as a sculptor. Csaky was one of the first sculptors in Paris to apply the principles of pictorial Cubism to his art. A pioneer of modern sculpture, Csaky is among the most important sculptors of the early 20th century. He was an active member of the Section d'Or group between 1911 and 1914, and closely associated with Crystal Cubism, Purism, De Stijl, Abstract art, and Art Deco throughout the 1920s and 1930s.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marquess of Dalí of Púbol was a Spanish surrealist artist renowned for his technical skill, precise draftsmanship, and the striking and bizarre images in his work. Born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain, Dalí received his formal education in fine arts in Madrid. Influenced by Impressionism and the Renaissance masters from a young age he became increasingly attracted to Cubism and avant-garde movements. He moved closer to Surrealism in the late 1920s and joined the Surrealist group in 1929, soon becoming one of its leading exponents. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931, and is one of the most famous Surrealist paintings. Dalí lived in France throughout the Spanish Civil War (1936 to 1939) before leaving for the United States in 1940 where he achieved commercial success. He returned to Spain in 1948 where he announced his return to the Catholic faith and developed his "nuclear mysticism" style, based on his interest in classicism, mysticism, and recent scientific developments.
Geoffroy Dauvergne was a French painter and sculptor. He created many wall mosaics and frescoes.
Geoffroy Dauvergne was a figurative painter belonging to the Parisian New School, influenced by Cubism. He is known for his landscapes, portraits and still lifes.
Edward Stuart Davis was an American artist, a representative of Cubism and Pop Art in painting. He was also active in politics; one of Davis's goals was to "reconcile abstract art with Marxism and modern industrial society. Along with his paintings, Davis was also an engraver and member of the Society of American Graphic Artists.
Cristoforo De Amicis was an Italian painter and teacher. He studied painting at the Accademia Albertina in Turin and Brera in Milan. He participated in many exhibitions organised in Milan, Paris, Zurich, Oslo, Stockholm, Munich and Buenos Aires.
Cristoforo De Amici's works can be found in Italian public museums of contemporary art and in numerous private collections.
Roger de la Fresnaye was a French painter, a representative of Cubism in painting.
He studied at the Académie Julian in Paris and was fascinated by the art of Paul Cézanne. In his works Fresnaye synthesized lyrical color with geometric simplifications of Cubism.
Gustave Franciscus De Smet was a Belgian painter. Together with Constant Permeke and Frits Van den Berghe, he was one of the founders of Flemish Expressionism. In 1908, he and his wife followed Léon to the artists' colony in Sint-Martens-Latem. There, they initially came under the influence of Luminism and the painter Emile Claus, who lived in nearby Astene. At the beginning of World War I, he and his family joined his friend, Van den Berghe, and fled to the Netherlands. From 1914 to 1922, they moved about, visiting and staying at the art colonies in Amsterdam, Laren and Blaricum. His meeting with the Expressionist painter Henri Le Fauconnier marked a turning point in his style which, up until then, owed much to Cubism. In 1927, he settled in Deurle. It was there that his mixture of Expressionism and Cubism peaked, with a series of works depicting circus, fairground and village scenes. After his death in Deurle at the age of sixty-six, his house was preserved as a local museum.
Maurice de Vlaminck was a French painter. Along with André Derain and Henri Matisse, he is considered one of the principal figures in the Fauve movement, a group of modern artists who from 1904 to 1908 were united in their use of intense colour. Vlaminck was one of the Fauves at the controversial Salon d'Automne exhibition of 1905.
Alma del Banco was a German artist of the first half of the twentieth century of Jewish origin. She is known as a painter and graphic artist and is considered a representative of Art Nouveau.
Alma del Banco, who began her career as an artist rather late, was already a recognized figure of the Hamburg art scene in the early 1920s and one of the founders of the Hamburg Secession art group. At the beginning of her career she was strongly influenced by Cubism, then her artistic style changed, it became less schematic and her work became more meticulous. The artist achieved considerable success in the portrait genre. However, after the Nazis came to power in Germany, she was banned from exhibiting and her work was declared "degenerate art".
Felix del Marle is a French artist and designer associated with the avant-garde movements of the early 20th century, in particular Orphism and De Stijl. Originally influenced by Cubism, he later adopted the principles of Orphism, a movement founded by Robert Delaunay and characterised by the use of bright colours and geometric shapes to create abstract compositions.
Felix del Marle explored the dynamic interaction of colours and shapes to evoke a sense of rhythm and movement. His works often feature overlapping planes, bold colour contrasts and a sense of optical vibrancy.
Felix del Marle was also a significant influence on the De Stijl movement, which sought to reduce art to its basic geometric elements and colours. He collaborated with Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg.
In addition to painting, del Marle pursued industrial and graphic design, applying his principles to furniture, textiles and typography. He believed in the integration of art into everyday life and the synthesis of artistic disciplines.
Jelena Dorotka Hoffmann, born Jelena Dorotka von Erenvall, was a Croatian Cubist artist.
Jelena Dorotka briefly studied painting and sculpture in Basel before moving to Paris. Here she met many leading figures in the world of painting, among them Henri Matisse, Marc Chagall, Pablo Picasso, Kees Van Dongen, Marie Laurensen). The artist was fluent in Italian, German, French and Spanish, as well as working as a translator and correspondent.
Elena Dorotka was famous for her extensive knowledge of art, and from time to time she was visited by artists and art historians who discussed fine art topics with her. She continued to paint, but for unknown reasons she destroyed most of her work.
Jean Dufy was a French painter of the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. He is known as a painter and designer who worked in various styles, including Cubism and Fauvism. Contemporaries appreciated Dufy's talent as a colorist who constantly experimented with colors, finding inspiration, in particular, in jazz music.
Jean Dufy preferred to depict life in Paris in his oil and watercolor paintings. One of his favorite subjects was the spectacle, especially the circus. Dufy was also in demand as a designer. For 30 years he designed porcelain and in 1925 at the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts, Dufy was awarded the gold medal for his design of the porcelain service Chateaux of France. Jean Dufy also helped his brother Raoul Dufy create a 600 square meter fresco for the Electricity Pavilion at the 1937 World Fair in Paris.
Jean Dufy's work was exhibited in prestigious museums and galleries throughout his career. Today his paintings are in the public collections of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Pompidou Center in Paris, the Albertina Gallery in Vienna and other world art centers.
Sofya Isaakovna Dymshits-Tolstaya (Russian: Со́фья Исааковна Ды́мшиц-Толста́я) was a Russian and Soviet artist of Jewish origin of the first half of the 20th century. She is known as a painter, graphic artist, poster painter, publisher, and art editor, who early in her career drew attention with her works in the style of Constructivism and Dadaism.
Sofya Dymshits-Tolstaya painted still lifes, created collages, abstract and semi-abstract pictorial compositions and reliefs. She also created propaganda posters in the technique of painting on glass, worked a lot in watercolor technique. The artist was a member of such creative associations as the Jack of Diamonds and the Union of Artists of the USSR.
Aleksandra Aleksandrovna Ekster (Russian: Алекса́ндра Алекса́ндровна Эксте́р) was a Russian, Soviet, and French artist of Jewish origin of the first half of the twentieth century. She is known as a painter, scenographer and designer, a representative of the avant-garde movement.
Aleksandra Ekster is considered one of the founders of the Art Deco style in Russia. Her work was influenced by Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism, Cubism, Cubo-Futurism, Suprematism and Abstractionism. The artist was one of the first to introduce the stylistics of new art into fashion and home design. She also became one of the first clothing designers in post-revolutionary Russia, working, among other things, on the Red Army parade uniforms.
Vera Mikhailovna Ermolaeva (Russian: Ве́ра Миха́йловна Ермола́ева) was a Russian and Soviet artist of the first half of the 20th century. She is known as a painter, graphic artist, illustrator, stage designer, and a leader of the Russian avant-garde.
Vera Ermolaeva created author's picture books. She is considered to be one of the founders of the system of children's book design as a single composition as she developed the type of children's book-toy. At the beginning of her career, the artist was fond of Cubism and Futurism, but in the late 1920s she switched to a new figurative synthesis, forming the "Group of Pictorial and Plastic Realism. Еrmolaeva was also a member of such creative associations as the Establishers of New Art (UNOVIS), Freedom to Art, Art, Revolution, and On the Revolution.
Max Ernst was a German (naturalised American in 1948 and French in 1958) painter, sculptor, printmaker, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism in Europe. He had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of frottage—a technique that uses pencil rubbings of textured objects and relief surfaces to create images—and grattage, an analogous technique in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. Ernst is noted for his unconventional drawing methods as well as for creating novels and pamphlets using the method of collages. He served as a soldier for four years during World War I, and this experience left him shocked, traumatised and critical of the modern world. During World War II was designated an "undesirable foreigner" while living in France.
Maurits Cornelis Escher was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. Despite wide popular interest, Escher was for most of his life neglected in the art world, even in his native Netherlands. He was 70 before a retrospective exhibition was held. In the late twentieth century, he became more widely appreciated, and in the twenty-first century he has been celebrated in exhibitions around the world.
André Evard was a Swiss painter and drafter. His special significance lies in the field of constructive art. He is counted among the first artists who did not work figuratively. In the course of his life he produced hundreds of oil paintings, a large number of drawings as well as approximately 2000 to 3000 watercolor and gouache paintings.
André Evard's work is difficult to classify in the categories of art history. He was not committed to any particular style, but rather reverted to the past, mixed styles and invented something new. Art Nouveau, Cubism, and geometric-constructive abstractions all define his work. While in Paris he was part of the avant-garde, he later repeatedly withdrew to representational painting.
On the one hand, the play of forms and colors leads to highly expressive representational landscapes, on the other hand, fascinating still lifes emerge from the clear reduction, which show unusual color combinations and completely new object-space relationships. In doing so, he always exposed himself to the risk of a stylistic break, which, however, is the special feature of his artistic oeuvre. He painted abstract when hardly anyone painted abstract and returned to representational painting when Abstract art dominated.
Serge Férat, born Count Sergei Nikolaevich Iastrebtsov (Russian: Сергей Николаевич Ястребцов), was a Russian and French avant-garde artist, painter, graphic artist and scenographer.
Sergei Iastrebtsov was born into a Moscow noble family, studied at the Kiev Art School, and in 1902 moved to Paris and entered the Académie Julian in Paris. In France, he first took the pseudonym Alexander Rudnev, and then began to sign his works with the name Serge Ferat. In the magazine Les Soirées de Paris he signed his publications with the pseudonym Jean Cérusse.
In 1910, Ferat began working on still lifes, combining the techniques of cubism with the warm colors of Russian folklore. Until the 1920s, Serge Fera painted in the style of Picasso's cubism, and on glass. Serge Ferat knew and was friends with many contemporary European artists, including Guillaume Apollinaire and Amedeo Modigliani. In the surrealist production of Apollinaire's play Mamelles de Tirésias (Théâtre René Mobel, Montmartre), he contributed to the set and costume design.
Ferat was engaged in book graphics and scenography, was a member of the group "Golden Section", and collaborated with the Russian magazine "Blow". In 1949 he took part in the design of the anthology Poetry of the Unrecognized, and in 1953 his works were exhibited at the Great Exhibition of Cubism at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris.
Gunther Gerzso was a Mexican painter, designer and director and screenwriter for film and theatre.
Gunther Gerzso was awarded the Guggenheim Fellowship in 1973 and later in 1978 he was the recipient of the Premio Nacional de Bellas Artes.
Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman and printmaker. Beginning in 1922, he lived and worked mainly in Paris but regularly visited his hometown Borgonovo to see his family and work on his art.
Françoise Gilot is a French painter, illustrator, and writer. She has published several books, including a memoir about her life with Pablo Picasso.
Gilot studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and later at the École des Beaux-Arts in Fontainebleau. She began exhibiting her work in the 1940s and quickly gained recognition for her colorful and vibrant paintings. Gilot's early work was influenced by the cubist and surrealist movements, but she developed her own unique style over time, characterized by bold colors and strong lines.
Gilot is also known for her personal life, particularly her relationship with Pablo Picasso, with whom she had two children. She wrote a memoir, "Life with Picasso," which was published in 1964 and became a bestseller. The book provided insight into Picasso's personality and working methods, as well as the challenges of being an artist in the mid-20th century.
Gilot has continued to paint throughout her life and has exhibited her work in galleries and museums around the world. She has also been recognized with numerous awards and honors, including being named a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur in 1990. Her work continues to be celebrated for its bold and expressive style, as well as for the way it reflects her experiences and insights as a woman and an artist.
Albert Gleizes was a French artist, theoretician, philosopher, a self-proclaimed founder of Cubism and an influence on the School of Paris. Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger wrote the first major treatise on Cubism, Du "Cubisme", 1912. Gleizes was a founding member of the Section d'Or group of artists. He was also a member of Der Sturm, and his many theoretical writings were originally most appreciated in Germany, where especially at the Bauhaus his ideas were given thoughtful consideration. Gleizes spent four crucial years in New York, and played an important role in making America aware of modern art. He was a member of the Society of Independent Artists, founder of the Ernest-Renan Association, and both a founder and participant in the Abbaye de Créteil.
Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer. Goncharova's lifelong partner was fellow Russian avant-garde artist Mikhail Larionov. She was a founding member of both the Jack of Diamonds (1909-1911), Moscow's first radical independent exhibiting group, the more radical Donkey's Tail (1912-1913), and with Larionov invented Rayonism (1912-1914). She was also a member of the German-based art movement Der Blaue Reiter. Born in Russia, she moved to Paris in 1921 and lived there until her death.
Her painting vastly influenced the avant-garde in Russia. Her exhibitions held in Moscow and St. Petersburg (1913 and 1914) were the first promoting a «new» artist by an independent gallery. When it came to the pre-revolutionary period in Russia, where decorative painting and icons were a secure profession, her modern approach to rendering icons was both transgressive and problematic. She was one of the leading figures in the avant-garde in Russia and carried this influence with her to Paris.
Julio González was a Spanish sculptor and painter. He was began his artistic career as a painter, but later turned to sculpture, becoming one of the most important figures in the development of modern sculpture in the 20th century.
González's work was heavily influenced by his interest in industrial materials, and he is known for his innovative use of iron and steel in sculpture. He was one of the first artists to use welding techniques in sculpture, and his work often features abstract forms and flowing lines.
González moved to Paris in 1900, where he became involved in the avant-garde art scene and formed close friendships with artists such as Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró. He continued to work as an artist throughout his life, producing a wide range of sculptures and paintings.
Today, his work is widely regarded as some of the most important in the history of modern sculpture, and his legacy has had a significant impact on the development of contemporary art. His sculptures can be found in collections around the world, including at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City and the Tate Gallery in London.
Sarah Grilo was an Argentine painter who is best known for her abstract gestural paintings. Married to the artist José Antonio Fernández-Muro, she lived in Buenos Aires, Paris, New York and Madrid.
She is considered one of the most important Latin American artists of the 20th century.
Juan Gris was a Spanish artist of the early twentieth century, one of the founders and most prominent representatives of Cubism. Juan Gris was also a talented illustrator, caricaturist, created theatrical scenery and costumes for ballet performances.
Juan Gris is the creative pseudonym of the painter. His real name, Jose Victoriano Gonzalez-Perez, changed at the age of 18 to a shorter and more resounding nickname by which he subsequently gained world fame.
Juan Gris lived a short but very fruitful life in terms of creativity. And his paintings are still of great interest to viewers who attend retrospective exhibitions of works by the artist in different parts of the world.
The value of the masterpieces of the master today is estimated at tens of millions of dollars, and his paintings are represented in the exposures of the best museums in the world.
Elena Genrikhovna Guro (Russian: Еле́на Ге́нриховна Гуро́) was a Russian poet, prose writer, and twentieth-century artist of French descent. She was also known as a book graphic artist.
Elena Guro created portraits, landscapes and still lifes (as well as poems and prose) in the Impressionist and Futurist styles. She participated simultaneously as a writer and artist in futurist anthologies. The artist's paintings are characterized by color experimentation; her discoveries in this area formed the basis of her color theory, which influenced some artists of the Russian avant-garde.
Emma Ilyinichna Gurovich (Russian: Эмма Ильинична Гурович) was a twentieth-century Ukrainian Soviet artist of Jewish origin. She is known as a painter, graphic artist, master of arts and crafts, and a student of Kazimir Malevich, who shaped her style in many ways.
In her early years, Emma Gurovich created landscapes and still lifes in a cubist manner. Then, working as an artist in textile factories in Moscow, Moscow region and Kiev, she designed shawls, scarves with floral patterns, curtains, and decorative fabrics.
Henri Hayden is a Polish artist who spent most of his career in France. He is known for his contribution to the Cubist movement and his use of bold, geometric forms in his paintings.
Hayden was born in Warsaw, Poland, and studied art in Paris at the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts. In the 1910s he became associated with the Cubist movement and exhibited his work at the Salon of Independent Artists and the Autumn Salon.
After World War I, Hayden continued to develop his style, incorporating elements of Fauvism and Surrealism.
In the 1930s Hayden became a French citizen and his work was included in major exhibitions, including the Carnegie International Exhibition in Pittsburgh and the Venice Biennale. His paintings often featured landscapes, still lifes and portraits in a bold, graphic style.
Hayden continued to work throughout his life, leaving behind a legacy of innovative and influential art. His work can be found in major museums and collections all over the world.